Chakma in Myanmar (Burma)






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Unlike Tibeto-Burman speaking tribes in Myanmar, who migrated southward from China, the Chakma are believed to have come eastward from today's Bangladesh or India to escape fighting in Bengal to the west during the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries.

Researcher and author Richard Diran visited and photographed the Chakma in his magnificent book, The Vanishing Tribes of Burma. He interviewed the leader of a Chakma village on the Lemro (Lemyo) River in Rakhine State. The man was photographed in his traditional Chakma dress, consisting of a white wrap-around robe with red markings and a white headdress.

Where are they Located?

The Chakma people of south-west Myanmar are among the least known Buddhist people groups in the world. They live in the mountains of northern Rakhine State and adjacent southern areas of Chin State. Much larger populations are found in Bangladesh and India. The Chakma are known officially as Daingnet, one of the seven official ethnic groups in Rakhine State.

What are Their Beliefs?

The Chakma claim to have converted to Buddhism long before coming to Myanmar and still practice Buddhism to this day, along with many animistic practices. The gospel has been brought into western Myanmar. There has been enormous success among animistic groups such as the various branches of Chin, but those tribes like the Chakma who had already embraced Buddhism have been difficult to reach. Today there are no known Christians among the Chakma in Myanmar.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Chakma
People Name in Country Chakma
Population in Myanmar (Burma) 28,600
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chakama, Chawngma, Doingnak, Takam, Thet, Tsak
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Garo-Tripuri
People Name General Chakma
Ethnic Code MSY50s
Country Myanmar (Burma)
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 23  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution rankinging, )
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chakma (29,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chakma 29,000
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1924-1955)
New Testament Yes   (1926-1991)
Complete Bible No
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Chakma

Major Religion Percent
100.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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