Balkar in Uzbekistan






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The life of a shepherd has never been easy. In ancient times, we read of the shepherd boy David, who fought against wild animals to save his flock. For centuries, the historically-Muslim Balkar people have lived in the highlands of the Caucasus Mountains (southern Russia) in the province of Kabardino-Balkaria, shepherding their flocks and their livestock. This livelihood is passed from father to son, beginning at a very young age. It's never-ending, strenuous work. Expanding their property to accommodate increased herds is something shepherds strive for, since a man's fortune is ranked by the number of cattle or sheep he owns. Pray that the Shepherd of souls would reveal Himself to them, and that they would receive the guidance of the Good Shepherd in their lives.

The Balkar originally lived in homes made of mud and wood. Today, their houses are built with brick or stone and have tile or slate roofs. The homes usually have two stories and most have porches. Pray that they would build their spiritual homes on a solid foundation (Mt.7:24-27) that never fails.

Where Are they Located?

Names of Balkar towns and villages:
1. Tyrnyauz
2. Terskol
3. Elbrus
4. Bylym
5. Bedyk
6. Baydayevo
7. Tegenekli
8. Lashkuta
9. Upper Baksan
10. Khabas
11. Kichmalka
12. Köndelen
13. New Balkaria
14. Yanikoi
15. Kamenka
16. Lower Chegem
17. Khushto-Syrt,
18. Eltybyu
19. Bulungu
20. Bezengi
21. Kara-Su
22. Gerpegezh
23. Babugent
24. Upper Balkaria
25. Kashkhatau
26. Upper Zhemtala
27. Tashly-Tala
28. Khasanya
29. Belaya Rechka

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Balkar people are traditionally mountain-dwellers, but the scarcity of usable land has forced many to move to the capital city, Nalchik, and further, to Moscow, in order to gain education and jobs.

The New Testament has been translated into the Balkar language. Additional evangelistic tools, such as the Jesus film, the Magdelena film, and Balkar Worship Music, are available to the Balkar people.

The Balkars -- a Turkic-speaking people whose ethno-genesis remains unclear -- currently constitute approximately 10 percent of the total 786,200 population of the Kabardino-Balkaria Republic in southern Russia; Kabardians account for 50 percent and Russians some 32 percent.

What Are Their Beliefs?

There is a small group of believers among the Balkar people. In 1957 Ibrahim became the first Balkar believer. He found Jesus while living in a foreign land under the deportation of Stalin. It would be another 32 years until another Balkarian would come into the Shepherd's fold--in 1989--and a third became a follower of Isa in 1991 as the Iron Curtain of the Soviet Union was torn down. The small group of Christians struggles to develop Christian practices in a culture where every aspect of life, from birth, to marriage, to death, is governed by folk-Islamic and Balkar traditions. Pray that they would discern the freedom of Christ in their worship and in their communal relationships.

Several adolescents have prayed to receive Christ at summer camp, but have no ongoing Christian influence in their lives, so pray that the Holy Spirit will continue to nurture them.

Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to send loving Russian Christians to minister Life to their Muslim neighbors. Matthew 9:36-38
* Pray that the Holy Spirit will soften the hearts of the Balkarian people toward the Gospel. Hosea 10:12
* Ask God to call forth teams of intercessors who will rise up and faithfully stand in the gap for the Balkar. Luke 18:1-8
* Pray for the salvation of key Balkar leaders who will boldly proclaim the Gospel. Acts 4:13

Profile Source:   provided by NCRP  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Balkar
People Name in Country Balkar
Population in Uzbekistan 800
World Population 111,000
Countries 5
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Alan, Karachai, Karachay
Affinity Bloc Eurasian Peoples
People Cluster Caucasus
People Name General Balkar
Ethnic Code MSY41z
People ID 10608
Country Uzbekistan
Region Central Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.

Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Karachay-Balkar (700)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Karachay-Balkar 700
For Primary Language: Karachay-Balkar

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1978-1995)
New Testament Yes   (1994)
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Balkar Film / Video
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: provided by NCRP  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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