Antanosy in Madagascar

Joshua Project has identified the Antanosy only in Madagascar





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Tanôsy people, numbering more than 600 000, live primarily in the Anôsy region in south-west Madagascar, between the Mandrare and the Manantenina rivers. Anôsy means "the island region", and Tanôsy means "the people of Anôsy." Fort Dauphin is the main city in the area, also called Taolañaro or Faradofay.
Around 1845, after the Merina people from central Madagascar conquered Anosy, a large group of Tanôsy emigrated westwards towards the Onilahy river, where they settled on land seized from the Bara and Mahafaly people. The Tanôsy are increasingly infiltrating the land in between these two areas, which is traditionally a Tandroy area.

Their main economy lies in cattle-raising, agriculture, and fishing. They are known to be hard-working, and have often been taken to the Mascareignes to work on the plantations there.

The literacy rate is estimated at less than 30%. Some church schools and NGO's complement the inadequate governmental structures in providing literacy training.

The Tanôsy originally followed a strong caste system, the noble caste being descendants of Zafi-Raminia, a dynasty of the 13th century, who were immigrants from the Middle-East. Their kings held absolute power. In time however the different castes have tended to even out.

Most Tanôsy practise a traditional religion, praying to Zañahary and to their ancestors. There are many different religious and cultural ceremonies and rituals for every area of life, including marriage, birth, healing, spirit (tromba) possession and death. Famorana, the circumcision ceremony, is held every 7 years.

Today it is estimated that about 40 percent of the Tanôsy practice Christianity, mostly Roman Catholic and Lutheran. There seems to be a historic resistance to what is seen as a Merina religion, as the Merina conquered and dominated the region in the 19th century.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Antanosy
People Name in Country Antanosy
Population in Madagascar 724,000
World Population 724,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Affinity Bloc Malay Peoples
People Cluster Malagasy
People Name General Antanosy
Ethnic Code MSY44j
People ID 10346
Country Madagascar
Region East and Southern Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Southeast coast; south of Onilahy River, south of Ibara and north of Androy, Mahafaly area and northeast.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Malagasy, Tanosy (724,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Malagasy, Tanosy 724,000
For Primary Language: Malagasy, Tanosy

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
Jesus Film: view in Malagasy, Tanosy Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Protestant

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.84 %)
53.00 %
Ethnic Religions
38.00 %
0.00 %
9.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
20.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
45.0 %
Roman Catholic
35.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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