Antandroy in Madagascar

Joshua Project has identified the Antandroy only in Madagascar





Largest Religion


Introduction / History

The Tandroy people live in the arid extreme-South of Madagascar. The name Androy indicates the area where they live and means "where there are thorns", "roy" referring to a particular mimosa with long thorns (Mimosa delicatula). They have adapted to a very inhospitable environment, covered with thorny bush and plagued with drought. It is a constant struggle to find water and famine is regular. Their immediate neighbors are the Mahafaly (west), Bara (north) and Tanosy (east).

The Tandroy are usually tall and strongly built, known for their fierceness and self-assurance. They are intrinsically a pastoral people, but also cultivate manioc, millet, maize, and sweet potatoes. Their villages are hidden from the main road tracks, characteristically behind living fences of cactus. Their history has not yet been conclusively researched. The first written record referring to them as "Antandroy" is by Robert Drury (1729), recounting his fifteen years of captivity among them. According to oral history, different clans invaded Androy in the eighteenth century from the east, north and northwest and put an end to the ruling dynasty of the Andriama├▒are. The Tandroy remained divided into numerous small entities, sometimes uniting their forces against common enemies, maintaining their independence vis-a-vis the Merina until 1903 when French troops and administrators arrived. (Pearson, 1992).

There are today a substantial number of Tandroy living on just over 20,000 square kilometers between the Mandrare and Menarandra rivers. Many more are found in other parts of Madagascar where they migrate in search of work. Most of these migrants settle in separate communities, retaining their customs and return home after a few years. The migrations started in the 1920's and intensify during times of famine.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Antandroy
People Name in Country Antandroy
Population in Madagascar 1,065,000
World Population 1,065,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Antardroy
Affinity Bloc Malay Peoples
People Cluster Malagasy
People Name General Antandroy
Ethnic Code MSY44j
People ID 10345
Country Madagascar
Region East and Southern Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country South, Toliara Province, Beloha, Tsihombe, Ambovombe, Bekily districts.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Malagasy, Tandroy-Mahafaly (1,065,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Malagasy, Tandroy-Mahafaly 1,065,000
For Primary Language: Malagasy, Tandroy-Mahafaly

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
Jesus Film: view in Malagasy, Tandroy-Mahafaly Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.78 %)
20.00 %
Ethnic Religions
72.00 %
0.00 %
8.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
5.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
55.0 %
Roman Catholic
40.0 %
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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