Mel in Cambodia

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Cambodia Research Network  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source:  Cambodia Research Network. Click to email CRN inquires and corrections Copyrighted © 2023 Used with permission
People Name: Mel
Country: Cambodia
10/40 Window: Yes
Population: 3,400
World Population: 3,400
Primary Language: Mel-Khaonh
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Christian Adherents: 10.00 %
Evangelicals: 9.00 %
Scripture: Unspecified
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: No
Audio Recordings: No
People Cluster: Mon-Khmer
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

The Mel people live in the Northern Kracheh province. They number about 3,000 people in the entire tribe. They live in an area which is down river from the Kroal people along the Krieng River. The Mel mostly live on the most accessible side of the Krieng River with a simple dirt track as their road to the main town of Kracheh some 100 km away. The Mel people are often the "middle men" for the remote jungle tribes and the Khmers who wish to buy their products. The remote tribes of the Kroal and T'moan will gather jungle products like resin and small animals and will sell it to the Mel people who in turn sell it to the Khmers for a profit. There are many comparatively wealthy people among the Mel and those who have military connections bring in Khmer loggers and traffic larger wildlife such as tigers and sun bears.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Mel are rice farmers and they raise cows which are sold to Khmer every year. The cows are left to graze in the jungles during the day and the brought back into the villages at night. The Mel are more assimilated to the Khmer lifestyle than other more remote tribes. The new houses which are built in the Mel areas all reflect Khmer architecture and village layout, and most Mel children no longer speak Mel. There are numerous and large schools among the Mel villages as well as health centers and government offices. Some work has begun on a road into the main Mel village of "Ralouh" which when completed will bring in more and more Khmers, and increase the assimilation to the Khmer lifestyle as well as bring more development to the area.

What Are Their Beliefs?

There are a few Mel Christians in scattered villages and no organized church has been started, though work is continuing. Most Mel will claim to be Buddhist, and in the main town of Ralouh, most probably are, but in the outlying Mel villages there are few if any Buddhists. They all follow the animistic religion of their traditions. In the main villages, when Buddhism replaced Animism, many of the outside pressures have crept in. Karaoke parlors and prostitution are common place in the main village of Ralouh. In the outlying villages, the Mel remain traditional animists. They hold annual sacrifices where they can slaughter several water buffalo or cows as sacrifices, and more regularly for sicknesses or spells they will offer chickens and pigs for sacrifices.

What Are Their Needs?

Though the Mel are in close proximity to the Kroal people, most development has taken place only among the Mel people. Probably because of their assimilation to the Khmer way of life, outsiders find it easier to work among the Mel than the Kroal. The condition of the villages is still much worse than most Khmer villages. Only the main village has access to any well water. Because of remoteness everything is expensive for them including fuel for plows, canned goods and tools.

Text Source:   Cambodia Research Network. Click to email CRN inquiries and corrections  Copyrighted © 2023  Used with permission