Paik in India

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Map Source:  People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.
People Name: Paik
Country: India
10/40 Window: Yes
Population: 260,000
World Population: 260,000
Primary Language: Odia
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Christian Adherents: 0.27 %
Evangelicals: 0.00 %
Scripture: Complete Bible
Online Audio NT: Yes
Jesus Film: Yes
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

Paik means "foot soldier." The Paik are a small caste formed from military service. Traditionally, they were the landed militia. During peacetime they were warriors in charge of maintaining order. Paiks were divided into three ranks distinguished by occupation and weapons. One division consisted of shield-and sword-bearers. The group who led distant expeditions carried matchlocks for firearms. Finally came the archers. When the British East India Company conquered the Raja (i. e., leaders) of Khurda in Odisha, however, the Paik lost their power and prestige. The Paik of India live in Odisha and Bihar. In Bihar the Paik speak in Hindi and read and write in Devanagari.

What Are Their Lives Like?

They are mainly landless and work in agriculture, fishing, small business, and as day laborers. In Odisha the Paik speak, read and write in Oriya and speak Hindi too. They eat vegetables, fruit and rice. Marriage is by discussion and a bride price is paid. The divorced and bereaved can marry again. On the death of the father, sons inherit the property with the oldest son becoming the head of the household. They have a community council to look after their needs. Their literacy level is low so the gospel will need to be given in oral form. Their boys are educated more than their girls.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Hinduism is there religion.

Prayer Points

Pray that the Paik councils will open the doors for their people to put Jesus Christ first in their lives. Pray for the Lord to thrust out workers and intercessors for the Paik community. Pray for spiritual discernment and hunger among these Hindus who do not know what Jesus Christ can do for them.

Text Source:   Keith Carey