Mahanta in India

Provided by Joshua Project
Mahanta
Photo Source:  Gerald Roberts 
Map Source:  People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project
People Name: Mahanta
Country: India
10/40 Window: Yes
Population: 91,000
World Population: 91,700
Primary Language: Odia
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Christian Adherents: 0.00 %
Evangelicals: 0.00 %
Scripture: Complete Bible
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: Yes
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - Other
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

The Mahanta people live in northeast India and Bangladesh. A mahant is a religious leader who is a chief priest or the head of a monastery. A Mahanta can be the keeper or guardian for a holy site for Hindus or Sikhs. The Mahanta people are members of the Kshatriya caste, the second highest caste of Hinduism. The Kshatriya claim to be descendants of rulers, large landowners, military officers and royal officials.

Where Are they Located?

Most of the Mahanta people live in the Indian states of West Bengal, Odisha or Jharkhand.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Today there is a great variety in the occupations of the Mahanta. Those who are educated serve as physicians, politicians, government administrators, businesspersons and entertainers. Less educated Mahanta labor in the fields and work in factories. The primary languages of the Mahanta are Odia and Bengali. Educated Mahanta also speak Hindi and English.

The Mahanta marry within their caste. Elders arrange marriages. The bride often goes to live with the groom's family when she reaches puberty. Child marriages are becoming less common than they were in the past. Monogamy, marriage to one spouse, is the rule. Sons inherit property with the eldest son receiving the father's title and home. Caste councils consisting of elders settle legal disputes and promote their interests. Some better educated Mahanta live in large cities while many others live in rural villages.

The Mahanta are not vegetarians, but as Hindus they will not eat beef. Rice, wheat, vegetables, fruit, and dairy products are their main foods. The social use of alcohol is forbidden but many Mahanta drink to excess.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Mahanta practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They pay particular allegiance to Shiva, Durga, Hanuman and Vishnu. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Mahanta visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods. The main yearly holidays of the Mahanta people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.

What Are Their Needs?

The Mahanta need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. Different methods of sharing the gospel will have to be used depending upon the educational level of the Mahanta person. Rural Mahanta would benefit by learning new job skills and in applying modern methods of agriculture to their farms.

Prayer Points

* Pray for a movement of Mahanta households to study the Bible and accept the blessings of Christ.
* Pray for the Mahanta people to understand and embrace Jesus who wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
* Pray for teams of believers to do sustained, focused prayer for the Lord to open the hearts of Mahanta family leaders to experience God's blessing through a movement of family-based discovery Bible studies.
* Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Mahanta communities.

Text Source:   Keith Carey