Berber, Shawiya in Belgium

Berber, Shawiya
Photo Source:  Alain Bachellier  Creative Commons 
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People Name: Berber, Shawiya
Country: Belgium
10/40 Window: No
Population: 42,000
World Population: 2,644,600
Primary Language: Tachawit
Primary Religion: Islam
Christian Adherents: 0.10 %
Evangelicals: 0.07 %
Scripture: Portions
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: Yes
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: Berber-Shawiya
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

The Shawiya are Berber shepherds originating from the Aures Plateau of the Atlas Mountains in northern Algeria and Tunisia. The Africans call this entire region of North Africa Maghrib. The inaccessible peaks of the Atlas Mountains long served as a refuge for the Berbers. These rugged mountains provided a base of resistance against the Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, and Arabs. However, Muslims conquered the Maghrib between 670 and 700 A. D. The Shawiya are a part of various Berber groups that have risen in Algeria to defend their identity. In general, they are sturdy, thrifty, hospitable, and lovers of the soil. They are also proud, shrewd, persistent, and loyal. In particular, a passion for independence is deeply ingrained in their culture. The Berbers refer to themselves as Imazighen, or "free and noble men." This term has become an indicator of their identity and nationalism. In late 1993, after armed Muslims attacked several Berber villages, Berber nationalists proclaimed that they have suffered repression for many years and that the Algerian government refuses to recognize Berber identity. In addition, there have been sporadic assault by Muslim militias against Berber communities. These armed attacks have been in the Berber regions of the Kabyle and Shawiya (the town of Batna, in particular). This situation has caused Shawiya people to flee to lands where there is peace and better economic opportunities like Belgium.

Where Are they Located?

Most Berber people are in North Africa, but a few have migrated to Western European countries like Belgium.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Living now in a Western culture for the sake of employment opportunities, the Shawiyas straddle two cultures. They have the opportunity to hear the gospel from Christ followers in Belgium. However, there is a rule of thumb that the sooner Christ followers reach them the more likely they are to find safe haven in the Savior's arms. This window of opportunity may no longer exist among the Shawiyas in Belgium. Yet, God is a miracle working God and He can get to Shawiya hearts in Europe where there is freedom of religion.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Although they accepted Islam as their own religion centuries ago, the Berbers also maintained their pre-Islamic cultural and ritual traditions even to this day. The acceptance of Islam and the adoption of Arabic ways never completely erased Berber culture. Although they are nominally Sunni Muslims, most Shawiya have little knowledge of the practices of the Koran and other dimensions of Middle Eastern Islam. They usually identify with Islam, but they have a hole in their hearts that only Jesus Christ can fill.

What Are Their Needs?

Shawiya people need the right education and training to thrive in the industrial economy in Belgium.

Prayer Points

* Pray that God will save key leaders among the Shawiya who will boldly allow for a disciple making movement in Europe.* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who, through worship and intercession, will begin to break up the soil of the Shawiya hearts to receive the seed of the gospel.* Pray for a church planting movement among the Shawiya communities of Europe.

Text Source:   Joshua Project