Maguindanao in Philippines

Photo Source:  Mark Navales  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source:  People Group Location from IMB. Other map data / geography from GMI. Map by Joshua Project.
People Name: Maguindanao
Country: Philippines
10/40 Window: No
Population: 1,304,000
World Population: 1,304,000
Primary Language: Maguindanaon
Primary Religion: Islam
Christian Adherents: 0.10 %
Evangelicals: 0.04 %
Scripture: Portions
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: Yes
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: Filipino, Muslim
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

The Magindanaw are one of many groups of lowland Filipinos. Apparently, they migrated to the islands from southwest Asia several thousand years ago. Today, they live primarily on the island of Mindanao, which is located in the Southern Philippines.

The name Magindanaw, meaning people of the flood plain, was given to both the people and the island on which they live.

According to legend, the Magindanaw were converted to Islam by Sarip Kabungsuwan, a Muslim prince, who claimed to be a direct descendant of the Prophet Mohammed. The legend states that he won his converts by a combination of his wisdom, the appeal of his message, and certain supernatural powers. This prince married a local woman who is said to have been born miraculously from a stalk of bamboo!

What Are Their Lives Like?

Traditional Magindanaw settlements were located near waterways. This allowed ease of transportation and communication by boat. Several of the major trading centers were also seats of political power, while other settlements along or near the waterways were controlled by datus (local chiefs).

This traditional pattern of settlement has been slowly altered by the building of roads that do not follow the natural course of the waterways. Large towns have sprung up along these highways, becoming new centers of commerce.

Today, the Magindanaw still produce nearly all of their own food. They grow a variety of crops, trap fish, and obtain wild foods from the marshes. Wet rice is grown in the lowlands, and dry rice and corn are farmed in the upland areas. Their diet includes yams, rice, tomatoes, squash, beans, coconuts; and for protein, goats, chickens, and eggs.

Those of highest rank in the society tend to be removed from manual labor. Among the rest, the men do the plowing, tilling, and other heavy farm work, while the women and children tend to the household duties.

Their art is confined mostly to weaving, basket making, and designing ornaments. Bright clothing, beaded jewelry, and other accessories make the apparel of the Magindanaw distinctive and colorful. Graceful dances are performed on special occasions to the music of gongs and other instruments.

The Magindanaw kinship system is traced through both of the parents. It is unusual, however, because it is modified by a system of social rank, certain rules of descent, and distinctive marriage patterns. Among the Magindanaw, social rank is considered to be less important than blood relationship.

There is a strong preference for marriage between relatives, especially marriage to second cousins. Most marriages are monogamous, although polygyny (having more than one wife) is permitted by Islamic law.

The blood feud is one of the most serious and distinctive types of conflict within the group. It usually results from a killing that involves different families or communities.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Even though the Magindanaw are the largest group of Muslim Filipinos, their belief system is more a form of "folk Islam" than orthodox Islam. Their Islamic practices are usually mingled with animistic beliefs (belief that inanimate objects have spirits).

Muslim religious leaders and teachers (imams and panditas) preside over religious life. They also teach young schoolboys to read and memorize the Qu'ran. The Magindanaw regularly celebrate religious holidays and other festivals.

What Are Their Needs?

Although the Magindanaw do not practice a strict form of Islam, any form of Islam is hard to influence. Some Christian radio and television broadcasts are available for the Magindanaw, but there have been very few responses to them.

Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to the Philippines and share Christ with the Magindanaw.
* Pray that God will raise up an army of intercessors who will faithfully stand in the gap for the Magindanaw.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to prepare the hearts of the people for the Gospel.
* Pray for God to encourage, strengthen, and protect and the small number of Magindanaw believers.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to give missions agencies creative ideas with which to reach the Muslim Magindanaw.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a strong local church among the Magindanaw.

Text Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center