Photo Source: Terry Feuerborn - Flickr Creative Commons
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|People Name:||Arab, Egyptian|
|Primary Language:||Arabic, Egyptian Spoken|
|Christian Adherents:||13.00 %|
|Online Audio NT:||No|
|Affinity Bloc:||Arab World|
Ancient Egypt was one of the world's great civilizations. Dynasties of pharaohs ruled Egypt from 3200 B.C. to 341 B.C. Egypt fell to the Persian Arab Muslim conquest in 640 A.D. Arabs, who introduced Islam and the Arabic language to Egypt in the seventh century, ruled for the next six centuries. Ottoman Turks conquered the country in 1517.
After the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important transportation hub, but fell heavily into debt. To protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt from 1882 until 1914. They granted full sovereignty to Egypt after World War II.
Egypt is the most rapidly growing country in the Arab world. With limited arable land and overtaxed resources, Egyptian society is stressed. For that reason, there is an Egyptian diaspora that has migrated to other parts of the world. Migration from Egypt mainly started in the 1970s and 1980s. Before that, the few who migrated were from well-educated communities. After that time, poor Egyptians have moved to the West (Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand) as temporary workers. Those who have migrated to Arabic-speaking countries like Oman have done so intending to return to Egypt.
In times of unrest and economic hardship in Egypt, workers migrate in search of a better future despite considerable risks; they often work on building sites, and in factories, restaurants and shops. They sometimes face abuse and deportation. Some Egyptians who earn low wages in Arabic-speaking countries face resentment because of their nationality. Arabs fear "Egyptianization" since Egypt dominates the media, language and culture of the Arabic speaking world.
Omanis claim some Egyptians enter the country with a tourist visa and stay for work. Egyptians have their own social community in Muscat, Oman's capital. Though it's far more common for migrant workers to come to Oman from one of the South Asian countries, in late 2022, a large number of Egyptian workers arrived.
Islam became the state religion of Egypt in 1980. The majority of Egyptian Arabs are either Shafi, Maliki or Hanafi Sunni Muslim. Those who migrate to Oman are usually Sunni Muslim like their Omani hosts.
Copts brought Christianity to Egypt very early, where it remained for 1,000 years as the primary religion. Even today, the great majority of the Christian population are still members of the Coptic Church. Evangelical Christians are a small percentage, but they have the chance to be salt and light to unreached Omani Muslims.
Many have experienced poverty in Egypt, which has prompted migration, and placed them at greater risk of exploitation.
Those who follow Christ must have love and boldness to be a witness. With a growing missionary vision, the Egyptian Church has the potential to reach both fellow Egyptians and Arabic speaking people groups in other countries for Christ. The Church is limited by lack of training opportunities, experience and funds. If additional resources are provided, church planters are willing to go.
Pray that Egyptian Christ followers would become a mighty missionary movement for the Lord.
Pray for Egyptian Arabs to have spiritual hunger and a discernment that will lead them to the cross and the empty grave.
Pray for Egyptian Arab Christians to put their faith in the Risen Christ rather any religious institution.
Pray for stability so that Egyptians in Oman can experience a more settled life and be able to provide for themselves and their families.