Bainouk, Gunyaamolo in Gambia

Send Joshua Project a map of this people group.
People Name: Bainouk, Gunyaamolo
Country: Gambia
10/40 Window: Yes
Population: 34,000
World Population: 70,000
Primary Language: Bainouk-Gunyaamolo
Primary Religion: Islam
Christian Adherents: 4.00 %
Evangelicals: 0.20 %
Scripture: Portions
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: No
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: Atlantic
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

Bainunka are the founders in most villages and first settlers in the Gambia. Bainunkas are intermingle with many tribes that have settled in the Gambia most especially the Mandinka tribe that have influence most Bainunkas to become Muslims. Before Christianity came in the Gambia, they practiced traditional religion and still now they have their cultural shrines in some communities in some of their settlements though professing the faith of Islam.

One of the earliest villages they settled in are Foni Jarrol and Kamamudo. During those times they embraced the coming of the white missionaries into the country and were seen and termed to be part of the white man religion call Soninke or unbelievers. It was also known to be, that the Catholics were the first to bring religion to the Bainunkas.

As movement of people were occurring so many passersby, that have been hosted in some villages of the Bainunka tribe started seeing and taking note of some noble people with moral standing among the Bainunkas in their settlements.

As those passersby come to weekly local market days commonly known as (Lumo) and were hosted by the Bainunka people and relations began to build up and so it happened that among those passersby were Mandinka Muslims teachers and traders at the same time.

In relating and doing business the first Bainunka man was convinced and converted to Islam by Muslim scholars who were traveling to villages to teach Islam and do trade.

In any Bainunka village they see a potential Bainunka man they will convince and convert and take him away to teach him the Quran and empower him to come back and convert his own people to Islam.

A story of the most influential and warrior Bainunka man who got converted to Islam through war and was captured and taken by the Muslims fighters. He was taken away as captive and got converted to Islam. He was trained, taught the Quran and was given some magical powers to do healing through Islamic way. Then later when he was freed he was commissioned to go back to his people and get them converted to Islam. He eventually became the greatest instrument of converting his people with the influence of material support from those groups of Muslim traders and scholars.

Through this research we came to know that the cultural masquerade commonly known in the Gambia as Compo was originally from the Bainunka tribe but has been over taken by the Jolas and is now known as a Jola cultural masquerade.

Text Source:   Erik Laursen, New Covenant Missions