Azerbaijani in Russia

Provided by Joshua Project
Azerbaijani
Photo Source:  Azerbaijani Partnership 
Map Source:  Bethany World Prayer Center
People Name: Azerbaijani
Country: Russia
10/40 Window: No
Population: 615,000
World Population: 9,991,700
Primary Language: Azerbaijani, North
Primary Religion: Islam
Christian Adherents: 3.00 %
Evangelicals: 0.00 %
Scripture: Complete Bible
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: Yes
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: Azerbaijani
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

While the origins of the Azerbaijanis, (also known as the Azeris), are unclear, we do know that they have been subjected to numerous invasions throughout their history. The homeland of the Azeris was first conquered by the Persians in the sixth century B.C. Islam was introduced into the area during the seventh century A.D., and has been practiced there ever since.

By the eleventh century, Persian influence was overpowered by Turkic influence. Eventually, during the thirteenth century, this region of Asia fell under the dominion of Genghis Khan.

These numerous invasions, combined with the tribal nature of the people, caused the Azeris to spread throughout Central Asia. Today, significant Azeri communities can be found in the countries of Russia, the Ukraine, Turkey, Armenia, Iran, and Iraq, as well as Azerbaijan. Many of them have low skill jobs under Russian managers.

What Are Their Lives Like?

In the past, the clan-type family structure was common among the Azeris. The clan, or hoj, was usually named after a common ancestor. Clan members shared pasture land and were bound to provide mutual aid to each other. They frequently acted as a unified entity in business dealings. It was also common for up to forty members of an extended family to live together in large dwellings called gazma. Landless peasants, called tavyrga, made up the lowest social class of Azeris.

In a desire to protect their culture, marriage within the family was encouraged. Unions between first cousins were considered the most desirable. Marriage to a non-Azeri was almost unheard of prior to the Soviet period. Polygyny (having more than one wife) was only allowed in cases of infertility.

The Azeri diet consists mainly of rice pilaf and a variety of grilled and boiled meats including beef, goat, and lamb. Traditional dishes include bozartma (mutton stew), dovga (a soup made from yogurt), meat, and herbs. Tea and wine are popular drinks.

The Azeri language belongs to the southwestern (Oguz) branch of the Turkic language family. There are two main subgroups of Azeri: Azerbaijani North and Azerbaijani South. The main differences are in the sounds and basic grammatical structure of the languages. Azeri has a written tradition that dates back to the fourteenth century. Arabic script is used in Iran and the Cyrillic alphabet is used in Azerbaijan. Azeri serves as the somewhat hybrid, yet common, language of eastern Transcaucasus, southern Dagestan, and northwestern Iran.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Russia's Azeris are primarily Muslims of the Ithna Ashari tradition, but there are some Hanafite Muslims as well. Twenty percent of the Azeris in Russia do not practice any form of religion.

Traditionally, Islam among the Azeris is a reflection of the historical ties that exist between Azerbaijan and Iran. Until the twentieth century, most Azeris identified themselves as Muslims rather than Azerbaijani or Turks. They believe that being a "spiritual community of Islam" was much more important than being a nation.

Among Azeri Muslims, religious practices are less restrictive of women's activities than in most of the other Muslim countries. The majority of Azeri women have jobs outside the home, and a few have attained leadership positions. However, some evidence of the traditional, restrictive female role remains.

What Are Their Needs?

While there is more freedom to share the Gospel in Russia than Azerbaijan, the Azeris remain very resistant. Progress has been very slow. The Bible and the Jesus film are available in their language. Christian radio and television broadcasts as well as literature would help successfully reach their population with the Gospel.

Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to send long-term Christian workers to Russia to share Christ with the Azeris.
* Pray for God to bring vision for outreach to Russian believers who are currently living among the Azeris.
* Ask God to send prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that God will open doors for Christian businessmen to share Christ with the Azeris.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray for God to give wisdom, favor, and strategies to missions agencies focusing on the Azeris.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Azeris.

Text Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center