Marghi, West in Nigeria

Marghi, West
Photo Source:  Anonymous 
Map Source:  People Group Location from IMB. Other map data / geography from GMI. Map by Joshua Project.
People Name: Marghi, West
Country: Nigeria
10/40 Window: Yes
Population: 270,000
World Population: 270,000
Primary Language: Kanuri, Yerwa
Primary Religion: Islam
Christian Adherents: 2.00 %
Evangelicals: 0.00 %
Scripture: New Testament
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: Yes
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: Chadic
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

According to some records, the Marghi (or Marghi) were in Yemen together with some tribes such as the Bura, Kilba, Kanakuru, Mandara, Bolewa, Karekare, Ngamo, Ngizzim and Tera. At a later stage, due to some certain frictions, these tribes were forced to leave Yemen for the Nile Valley, Sudan in Central Africa before coming to Lake Chad.

Other historical records indicate that parts of these tribes, especially the Margi, were settled in Kenya, while the majority of Margi migrated together with the other tribes mentioned to Lake Chad area before reaching some other places. The Margi people moved east and west to places such as: Benisheik, Mafoni, Old Maiduguri, Konduga, Mulgwi, Damboa, Gujba, Kaga, Madubu, Izge, part of Biu area, Bazza, Wamdeo, Gaya (part of Kilba area), Betso, Gulak, Uba, Mayo Bani, Shuwa, Lassa, Dille, Ngurthlavu, Mussa, Huyim, etc.

One historical record (Fra Mauro's map 1459) first has Margi as a distinct ethnic group, when Ibn Fartua described Idris Aloma's military campaign agaisnt the Sao, Margi, Gamergu, Mandara of Kerewa between 1564-1576. According to Ibn Fartua the Margi were identified as having four different groups:

1. Margi Putai - who are in the west (Venghan 1970) within Damboa, Chibok, etc.
2. Margi Babal - are on the plains and are historically linked to Izge, Mulgwi, Gamergu and Lamang
3. Margi Udzur'Ngu - are the hill Margi (Gulak, Madagali, Shuwa, Dzuyel, Maiva, etc.) who have historically been linked to Sukur, Gudur, Hug Gi, Waga, Tur and Fali.
4. Margi Titim - which was later known as Margi Dzakwa or Margi South (Wamdeo, Uvu, Uba , Mishara, Betsu, Hildi and Muva).

The Margi babal and Margi Udzur'ngu have very similar language with ignorable dialectic differences. Generally the cultures are similar with perhaps differences as a result of the introduction of Christianity with the Christian culture and Islam with Islamic culture. They call God 'Iju'. The Margi Putai who are largely located in Chibok and Damboa local governmentt areas remain distinct from the others. Their language is largely different while the Kanuri culture has had significant influence on their way of life. They call God 'Tambi'. The Margi Tittim or Dzakwa, on the other hand, shares some similarities with Kilba people in the southern part of Margi land. They call God 'Hyel'. Other historical records indicate that Margi native authority office was first opened in Wamdeo with the office of the District Office before it was later moved to Uba.

Where Are they Located?

Borno, Adamawa and Gombe Cameroon; Chad

What Are Their Lives Like?

1. They like to respect others and to be respected by others.
2. They like to be educated at all circumstances.
3. They like military jobs.
4. They are industrious people because they are farmers and fishermen.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The religion of the Marghi is split between traditional beliefs, Christianity and Islam.

Text Source:   Anonymous