Adi Dravida in Sri Lanka


Population
1,349,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

At one time this community was called "Paraiyar," which is considered a derisive name with reference to slavery. British colonialists did not want any people group under their watch to be considered slaves, so they changed the name to Adi Dravida.

According to one hypothesis, this community was once associated with drumming. They might have drummed at important events like festivals, weddings and funerals. As their population increased, they had to take up other jobs that were considered "unclean," since they had low caste status.


Where Are they Located?

Most Adi Dravida people live in India's southern states, especially Tamil Nadu, but over a million of them live in northern Sri Lanka.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Adi Dravida of Sri Lanka are a low status community. The word 'Adi' means 'beginning'. Whether in India or Sri Lanka, most Adi Dravida people hold low-paying, low status jobs.

Their literacy level is said to be less than 50 percent, so the gospel message should be given in oral form also. They speak Tamil, which is a major language in southern India and northern Sri Lanka. There are many gospel oriented materials in this language.


What Are Their Beliefs?

There was an effort in the 1890s to convert them en masse to Buddhism. This didn't work. Today there are now many Christians from this community in India, but only a few in Sri Lanka. They are mainly Hindus who have their own set of favorite gods.


What Are Their Needs?

The Adi Dravida people need to be given the opportunity to get the education they need to excel in the 21st century.


Prayer Points

* Pray for believers among the Adi Dravidas in India to go to their cousins in Sri Lanka with the gospel.
* Pray for spiritual hunger and discernment for the Adi Dravida people.
* Pray for a disciple making movement to emerge among them in both countries.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/16164/IN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adi_Dravida
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraiyar
https://www.jeevansathi.com/adi-dravida-brides-girls
https://www.scmatrimony.com/adi-dravidasc-brides


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-09-26
People Name General Adi Dravida
People Name in Country Adi Dravida
Population in Sri Lanka 1,349,000
World Population 11,779,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 27 to 31
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Adi Dravidar, Chakkiliyan, Harijan, Harijans, Madiga, Mala, Parayan, Pariyar, Samban, आदि ड्रॅविडा
People ID 16164
ROP3 Code 111266
Country Sri Lanka
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 45  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Sri Lanka
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 45  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (1,349,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (1,349,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.20 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.80 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
Unknown
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source G. Sounder 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From Sri Lanka census data.  Current values may differ.


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