Small People Group Policy
What This Policy Addresses
This is a policy regarding how to handle very small diaspora groups on global people group lists. This proposal only addresses very small diaspora populations of large people groups. For example, does a group of British families living in Andorra constitute a distinct people group that should be added to a global people group list? Given the increased mobility of peoples, an almost unlimited number of new diaspora people groups could potentially be created.
This policy provides conditions that can help standardize how very small groups of individuals are handled. Global people group lists are limited in the level of detail they can realistically present. Low levels of detail may be more appropriately carried on country or local lists. For example, very tiny diaspora groups may be beyond the scope of a global list, but very appropriate on country lists.
Given the increased mobility of peoples today, an almost unlimited number of new diaspora people groups could potentially be created.
What This Policy Does Not Address
This proposal does not address A) distinct, small people groups such an Amazon basin tribal group or an isolated Aborigine group in Australia * or B) transient or temporary diaspora populations such as Vietnamese migrant workers in Malaysia.
The following is a set of conditions to determine when to exclude very small groups of individuals that are part of larger People Groups Across Countries (PGAC). *
- Condition 1: The population of this group in this country is less than 500 -- AND --
- Condition 2: The population of this group in this country is less than .5% of the total population of the people group in all countries (PGAC). In other words, 99.5% of the people group lives in another country or countries -- AND --
- Condition 3: The population of this group in the country in question is less than .5% of the overall population of that country.
NOTE: All three conditions must be met in order for a group to be excluded from the Joshua Project people group list. Put another way, if any of the three conditions above is not met, then the people group (PGIC) should be included on the people group list.
All three conditions must be met in order for a group to be excluded from the Joshua Project people group list.
Condition 1: A baseline cutoff number needs to be established; otherwise the number of people groups by country (PGICs) becomes almost unlimited. For example, there are probably individuals from almost every larger PGAC in the world living in the United States. Therefore, if no cutoff is established, the US alone would potentially have many thousands of distinct people groups (PGICs) listed. A minimum population of 500 is proposed as a reasonable value. Below 500 it becomes increasingly questionable whether the group can even be found, particularly in larger countries. Also at smaller and smaller sizes, it becomes less clear if these tiny groups actually identify themselves as distinct people groups.
Condition 2: This is to ensure that only very tiny portions of the larger people group (PGAC) are considered for exclusion as well as protect small PGAC groups from having meaningful portions excluded. For example, consider a small PGAC group with a global population of 10,000. If 500 individuals living in a particular country were excluded based on Condition 1, then 5.0% of the PGAC would be excluded which is too much.
Condition 3: This is to ensure tiny countries have meaningful groups identified. For example, in a country with total population of 20,000 individuals, 500 individuals form a meaningful portion of the country population and should be considered as a people group (PGIC).
Examples of groups removed from the list: (entries meet all three conditions)
- 400 Koreans in Honduras – less than 500 in size, less than .5% of Korean globally e.g. 99.5% of Koreans live in other countries, less than .5% of population of Honduras.
- 200 Zulu in Canada – less than 500 in size, less than .5% of Zulu globally e.g. 99.5% of Zulu live in other countries, less than .5% of population of Canada.
- 300 French in Taiwan – less than 500 in size, less than .5% of the French globally e.g. 99.5% of French live in other countries, less than .5% of population of Taiwan.
Small Group Data Still Available
Joshua Project retains and makes available all people group data regardless of population size. While not included in the overall people group counts, tiny diaspora groups that have been removed from the main Joshua Project list using the above conditions are available by clicking the "Other reported groups" link at the bottom of each country listing or the "Other reported countries" link at the bottom of each peoples listing.
* Extremely small South Asian groups in urban settings may be impossible to find or may have been assimilated into larger, related people groups. Therefore, South Asian entries with less than or equal to 100 in population are not included in the main Joshua Project list. These very small groups are on the "Other reported groups" link at the bottom of South Asian country listings.