Country: India

  State:

  District:



Number of People Groups

644

Unreached People Groups

609

Total Population

60,219,000

Buddhist

0.8 %

Christian

1.9 %

Hindu

74.1 %

Muslim

12.2 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

11.2 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale *
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi Andhra 58,000 Telugu 44,000 - - 14,000 - -
 Adi Dravida 1,030,000 Tamil 917,000 - - 113,000 - -
Adi Karnataka 3,454,000 Kannada 3,364,000 - - 84,000 - 5,600
 Adiyan 2,300 Malayalam 2,300 30 - - - -
 Agamudaiyan 17,000 Tamil 17,000 - - - - -
Agani 500 Kodava 500 - - - - -
Ager, Hindu 8,600 Kannada 8,600 - - - - -
 Aghori 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
 Agri 600 Marathi 600 - - - - -
Ajila 3,500 Malayalam 3,500 - - - - -
Ajna 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Alambadi Kurichchan 1,500 Kurichiya 1,500 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 6,200 Malayalam 6,200 - - - - -
Ambattan 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
Amma Kodaga 2,000 Kodava 2,000 - - - - -
Anamuk 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Andh 1,200 Marathi 1,200 - - - - -
Anduran 2,500 Konkani, Goan 2,500 - - - - -
Anglo 135,000 English - - - 135,000 - -
 Ansari 313,000 Urdu - 313,000 - - - -
Anuppan 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Arab 200 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 200 - - - -
Arandan 70 Tamil 70 - - - - -
 Arasu 41,000 Kannada 41,000 - - - - -
Aray Mala 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
Arayan 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
 Arora, Sikh 600 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 600 -
 Arunthathiyar 3,200 Telugu 3,200 - - - - -
Arwa Mala 400 Tamil 400 - - - - -
 Assamese Muslim Unknown Assamese - - - - - -
Atari 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
Ayri 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 80 Malayalam 80 - - - - -
 Badaga 19,000 Badaga 19,000 - - 20 - -
 Badhai, Hindu 46,000 Hindi 46,000 - - - - 90
 Bagata 4,000 Telugu 4,000 - - - - -
 Bagdi, Hindu 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Bagdi, Wagdi 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Bagga 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
Baghban, Muslim 1,400 Urdu - 1,400 - - - -
Bahrupi 50 Marathi 50 - - - - -
Baira 8,100 Kannada 8,100 - - - - -
 Bairagi, Hindu 5,100 Bengali 5,100 - - - - -
Bakad 5,200 Kannada 5,200 - - - - -
Bakuda 3,800 Tulu 3,800 - - - - -
Balagai 8,400 Kannada 8,400 - - - - -
Balasantoshi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Balija, Hindu 828,000 Telugu 828,000 - - - - 400
Bandi 6,500 Kannada 6,500 - - - - -
 Bangali, Hindu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bangar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bania 437,000 Hindi 275,000 - - - - 167,000
 Bania, Agarwal 27,000 Hindi 22,000 - - - - 5,300
 Bania, Agrahari 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
Bania, Chaturth 1,600 Marathi - - - - - 1,600
 Bania, Chetti 136,000 Tamil 64,000 - - - - 72,000
Bania, Gujar 1,600 Gujarati 1,600 - - - - -
Bania, Jaiswal 1,000 Hindi 400 - - - - 600
Bania, Kasar 800 Hindi 200 - - - - 600
Bania, Khandelwal 200 Hindi 100 - - - - 20
 Bania, Komti 32,000 Telugu 32,000 - - - - 400
 Bania, Lad 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Bania, Mahajan 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahesri 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahur 700 Hindi 700 - - - - 40
Bania, Marwadi 1,800 Marwari 1,700 - - - - 100
Bania, Modh 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
 Bania, Oswal 4,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - 3,000
 Bania, Porwal 4,700 Hindi 3,000 - - - - 1,700
 Bania, Srimali 200 Gujarati 100 - - - - 100
Bania, Trivarnika Vaisya 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Bania, Ummad 1,000 Hindi 500 - - - - 600
Banijiga 634,000 Kannada 566,000 - - 200 - 70,000
 Banjara, Hindu 1,166,000 Lambadi 1,165,000 - - 1,200 - -
Banka 20 Oriya 20 - - - - -
Banna 300 Kodava 300 - - - - -
Barda 1,600 Marathi 1,600 - - - - -
 Baria, Hindu 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Bariki 400 Oriya 400 - - - - -
Barkar 60 Kannada 60 - - - - -
Basa Sankarai 70 Kannada 70 - - - - -
 Basor 59,000 Hindi 58,000 - - - - 900
Basor, Lingayat 70 Kannada - - - - - 70
Bathada 3,600 Tulu 3,600 - - - - -
Battal 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bauri 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Bavcha 1,600 Gujarati 1,600 - - - - -
Bawaria, Sikh 20 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
Bawtar 80 Konkani 80 - - - - -
Bazigar, Hindu 4,400 Telugu 4,400 - - - - -
 Beda Jangam 532,000 Kannada 167,000 - - - - 366,000
 Bedar, Hindu 2,157,000 Kannada 2,156,000 - - - - 1,600
Bedar, Kashmir, Muslim 2,200 Urdu - 2,200 - - - -
 Bedia, Hindu 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Beg 100 Bengali - 100 - - - -
 Beldar, Hindu 690,000 Kannada 663,000 - - - - 26,000
Bellara 2,100 Kannada 2,100 - - - - -
 Bhampta 2,400 Marathi 2,400 - - - - -
Bhand, Hindu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bhandari 500 Oriya 500 - - - - -
 Bhangi, Hindu 26,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - -
 Bhangi, Muslim 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Bhansala 6,200 Marathi 6,200 - - - - -
Bharathar 500 Tamil 200 - - 200 - -
 Bharbhunja, Hindu 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Bhat, Hindu 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - -
 Bhatia, Hindu 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Bhattra 20 Oriya 20 - - - - -
Bhavin 700 Konkani 700 - - - - -
 Bhil 3,300 Hindi 3,300 20 - - - 20
 Bhisti 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Bhoi, Hindu 268,000 Hindi 268,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia, Buddhist 30 Sherpa - - 30 - - -
Bhottada 1,400 Kuvi 1,400 - - - - -
Bidur 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Binapatta 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Bind 1,000 Bhojpuri 1,000 - - - - -
 Bohra 400 Gujarati - 400 - - - -
Bojgar 50 Kannada - 50 - - - -
 Boya 283,000 Telugu 280,000 - - - - 2,600
 Brahman 2,386,000 Hindi 2,366,000 - - 200 - 19,000
 Brahman, Acharaj 200 Hindi 40 - - - - -
Brahman, Anavada 3,700 Gujarati 3,700 - - - - -
Brahman, Anavala 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
 Brahman, Audich 1,800 Gujarati 1,800 - - - - -
Brahman, Bengali 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Brahman, Chitpavan 47,000 Marathi 47,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Daima 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Brahman, Deshastha 61,000 Marathi 61,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Gaud Saraswat 43,000 Konkani 43,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Gaur 85,000 Hindi 85,000 - - - - -
 Brahman, Gujar Gaur 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - -
Brahman, Gujarati 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Brahman, Iyer 25,000 Tamil 25,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Joshi 5,900 Hindi 5,900 - - - - -
 Brahman, Kanaujia 100,000 Hindi 100,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Kannada 293,000 Kannada 293,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Karhada 12,000 Marathi 12,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Khandelwal 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
Brahman, Khedawal 700 Gujarati 700 - - - - -
 Brahman, Maha 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
Brahman, Mahratta 64,000 Marathi 64,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Marathi 50,000 Marathi 50,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Mewada 3,100 Gujarati 3,100 - - - - -
Brahman, Modh 4,000 Gujarati 4,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Nagar 2,300 Gujarati 2,300 - - - - -
Brahman, Nambudiri 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
Brahman, Ojha 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Brahman, Sanadhya 80,000 Hindi 80,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Saraswat 29,000 Hindi 29,000 - - - - -
 Brahman, Sawaria 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
Brahman, Sholiar 15,000 Tamil 15,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Sikh 200 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Brahman, Srigaud 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Brahman, Tamil 39,000 Tamil 39,000 - - - - -
 Brahman, Telugu 56,000 Telugu 56,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Vadama 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
Brahman, Velanadu 16,000 Telugu 16,000 - - - - -
Butalu 300 Konkani 300 - - - - -
Byagara 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - - - - -
 Chain 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
Chakkiliyan 3,500 Tamil 3,500 - - - - -
Chaliyan 5,700 Tulu 5,700 - - - - -
 Chalvadi 194,000 Kannada 187,000 - - - - 6,100
 Chamar, Hindu 652,000 Hindi 651,000 - - 1,300 - -
Chambukutti 60 Kannada 60 - - - - -
Chandala 500 Oriya 500 - - - - -
Chapparband, Hindu 5,600 Kannada 5,600 - - - - -
Chapparband, Muslim 3,300 Urdu - 3,300 - - - -
Chaptegar 6,300 Konkani 6,300 - - - - -
 Charan, Hindu 40 Gujarati 40 - - - - -
Charodi 4,600 Konkani, Goan 4,400 - - 200 - -
Chembotti 60 Konkani - - - 60 - -
 Chenchu 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
Chenna Dasar 42,000 Kannada 42,000 - - - - -
Cheruman, Hindu 25,000 Malayalam 25,000 - - - - -
 Chhetri 80 Nepali 80 - - - - -
Chhimba, Sikh 20 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Chhipa, Hindu 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Chitara 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
Chitrakar, Hindu 1,400 Marathi 1,400 - - - - -
 Chodhara 400 Chodri 400 - - - - -
 Christian unspecified 194,000 Assamese - - - 194,000 - -
 Dabgar, Hindu 14,000 Marathi 14,000 - - - - -
Dakkal 1,300 Telugu 1,300 - - - - -
 Darzi, Hindu 206,000 Hindi 191,000 - - - - 15,000
Devadasi 6,600 Telugu 6,600 - - - - -
Devadiga 139,000 Tulu 137,000 70 - - - 2,000
Devanga 409,000 Kannada 338,000 - - 2,600 - 68,000
 Dhangar 1,079,000 Gujarati 1,080,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi, Hindu 598,000 Hindi 586,000 - - - - 13,000
 Dhobi, Muslim 28,000 Urdu - 28,000 - - - -
 Dhor 36,000 Marathi 29,000 - - - - 6,800
Divehi, Maldivian 100 Maldivian - 100 - - - -
 Dom, Hindu 100 Oriya 100 - - - - -
Dombidasari 80 Kannada 80 - - - - -
Domm 24,000 Telugu 24,000 - - - - -
 Dubla 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Dudekula 20 Telugu - 20 - - - -
Durgamurgi 1,200 Kannada 1,200 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Faqir 50 Urdu - 50 - - - -
 Gadaba 60 Oriya 60 - - - - -
Galda Konkani 70 Konkani, Goan 70 - - - - -
 Gamit 300 Gamit 300 - - - - -
 Ganda 20 Oriya 20 - - - - -
Gandla 19,000 Telugu 19,000 - - - - -
 Gangakula 1,220,000 Kannada 1,220,000 - - - - 500
Gantichore 4,500 Kannada 4,500 - - - - -
 Garoda, Hindu 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
Garoda, Muslim 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Gatti 5,900 Tulu 5,900 - - - - -
 Gauda 30,000 Oriya 30,000 - - - - -
Gavara 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
Gawli 30,000 Marathi 30,000 - - - - -
Ghadasi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Ghadi 4,100 Konkani, Goan 4,100 - - - - -
 Ghanchi, Hindu 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Ghasi, Hindu 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
Ghisadi 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
 Giddikki 55,000 Konkani, Goan 55,000 - - - - -
Goan Catholic 71,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 71,000 - -
Godda 3,400 Kannada 3,400 - - - - -
 Gond 190,000 Hindi 189,000 40 - 500 - -
Gondaru 81,000 Konkani, Goan 81,000 - - - - -
 Gondhali 4,400 Marathi 4,400 - - - - -
Gopal 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Gosain, Hindu 12,000 Hindi 12,000 - - - - -
Gosangi, Hindu 2,700 Telugu 2,700 - - - - -
Gosangi, Muslim 200 Telugu - 200 - - - -
Gowari Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
Gowdali 12,000 Kannada 12,000 - - - - -
Gudigar 2,400 Konkani 2,400 - - - - -
 Gujar, Hindu 7,100 Hindi 7,100 - - - - -
Gujar, Sikh Unknown Panjabi, Eastern - - - - - -
Habura 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Hadi 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Hajam 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
 Hakki Pikki 8,100 Vaagri Booli 8,100 - - - - -
Halleer 5,900 Marathi 5,900 - - - - -
Halsar 13,000 Konkani 13,000 - - - - -
 Halwai, Hindu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Halwakki Wakkal 111,000 Kannada 107,000 - - 500 - 5,900
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 200 Chinese, Mandarin - - 200 - - -
Hanabar 73,000 Tulu 73,000 - - - - -
Hande Jogi 13,000 Kannada 500 - - - - 12,000
 Handi Jogi 39,000 Kannada 17,000 - - - - 22,000
Harkantra 20,000 Konkani 20,000 - - - - -
Hasalaru 34,000 Kannada 34,000 - - - - -
Hasla, Hindu 2,800 Tulu 2,800 - - - - -
Hatkar 68,000 Marathi 68,000 - - - - -
Holar 1,700 Marathi 1,600 - - - - 100
Holaya Dasar 4,000 Kannada 4,000 - - - - -
Holer 775,000 Kannada 759,000 - - - - 15,000
Honniyar 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
Idayan 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
Ilavan 70,000 Malayalam 67,000 - - 2,900 - -
Illiger 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Irular 800 Irula 800 - - - - -
Iruliga 9,500 Kannada 9,500 - - - - -
Jaggali 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
Jambuvulu 17,000 Telugu 17,000 - - - - -
 Jat, Hindu 2,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - -
 Jat, Sikh 13,000 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 13,000 -
Jatigar 70 Urdu - 70 - - - -
Javeri 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jenu Kuruba 43,000 Kurumba, Jennu 43,000 - - - - -
 Jew 80 Marathi - - - - - 80
Jhinwar, Sikh 80 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 80 -
Jingar 6,400 Marwari 5,900 - - - - 500
 Jogi, Hindu 96,000 Bengali 96,000 - - - - -
 Julaha 100 Hindi - - - - 100 -
Kachari, Hindu 800 Marathi 600 - - - - 100
 Kachhi, Hindu 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Kachhia, Hindu 30 Gujarati 30 - - - - -
Kadaiyar 600 Tamil 600 - - 50 - -
Kadan 500 Kadar 500 - - - - -
Kadia, Hindu 90,000 Kannada 90,000 - - - - -
Kadu Kuruba 94,000 Kannada 93,000 70 - - - 700
 Kahar, Hindu 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
 Kaibartta 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 176,000 Kannada 176,000 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 9,500 Tamil 9,500 - - - - -
 Kakkalan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Kalal, Hindu 1,318,000 Telugu 1,295,000 - - - - 54,000
Kalavant 26,000 Kannada 2,000 - - - - 24,000
Kalladi 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
Kallan 1,800 Tamil 1,800 - - - - -
Kalota Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
 Kalwar, Hindu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Kamar 200 Kamar 200 - - - - -
Kamathi 7,000 Telugu 7,000 - - - - -
 Kamboh, Sikh 100 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Kammara 13,000 Telugu 1,800 - - - - 11,000
Kanai 3,000 Urdu - 3,000 - - - -
Kanakkan 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
Kanate 500 Kodava 500 - - - - -
Kancha Vakkal 200 Konkani, Goan 200 - - - - -
 Kanikaran 20 Kanikkaran 20 - - - - -
Kaniyan 6,800 Malayalam 6,800 - - - - -
 Kanjar, Hindu 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kaora 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Kaparia 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Kapu 224,000 Telugu 224,000 - - 100 - 200
Karigar 100 Bengali - 100 - - - -
Karimpalan 90 Malayalam 90 - - - - -
 Kasar, Hindu 80,000 Marathi 21,000 - - - - 59,000
 Kashmiri Muslim 200 Kashmiri - 200 - - - -
 Kathodi 2,300 Marathi 2,300 - - - - -
Kattunayakan 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Kavara 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Kavuthiyan 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
 Kayastha, Hindu 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Kelkari 800 Kannada 800 - - - - -
Kepmaris 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Khandait 30 Oriya 30 - - - - -
 Kharva, Hindu 33,000 Gujarati 33,000 - - - - -
 Khatik, Hindu 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - -
 Khatri, Hindu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Khatri, Muslim 900 Gujarati - 900 - - - -
 Khatri, Sikh 200 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Khetri 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Khoja 900 Gujarati - 900 - - - -
Kichagara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kodava 132,000 Kodava 132,000 - - - - -
 Kokna 200 Kukna 200 - - - - -
Kolayiri 900 Malayalam 900 - - - - -
Kolhati 1,100 Marathi 1,100 - - - - -
 Koli 33,000 Gujarati 33,000 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 101,000 Gujarati 101,000 40 - - - 20
Koli Mahadev 27,000 Marathi 27,000 - - - - -
Koli Malhar 8,600 Marathi 8,600 - - - - -
Koli of Sind, Hindu 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Kollara, Karnataka 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Komarpaik 21,000 Konkani 21,000 - - - - -
Konda Kapu 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Koosa 4,200 Kannada 4,200 - - - - -
Kootan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Koracha, Caste 59,000 Kannada 59,000 - - - - -
Koracha, Tribe 24,000 Tulu 24,000 - - 20 - -
Korama 152,000 Kannada 152,000 - - - - -
 Kori 6,900 Bengali 6,900 - - - - -
 Korwa 48,000 Telugu 48,000 - - - - -
 Koshti 78,000 Marathi 78,000 - - 90 - 400
Kota 100 Kota 100 - - - - -
Kotegar 9,200 Kannada 9,200 - - - - -
 Koya 3,600 Telugu 3,600 - - - - -
Koyava 700 Kodava 700 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 56,000 Kannada 2,300 - - - - 54,000
Kudiya 3,300 Kudiya 3,300 - - - - -
Kudumban 600 Tamil 600 - - - - -
Kudumi 41,000 Tamil 41,000 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 40 Oriya 40 - - - - -
Kulama 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kumhar, Hindu 420,000 Hindi 383,000 - - - - 36,000
Kumhar, Sikh 60 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
Kummari Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Kunbi, Hindu 145,000 Gujarati 144,000 - - 60 - 1,100
Kunchatiga 366,000 Kannada 365,000 - - - - 600
Kuravan 13,000 Malayalam 13,000 - - - - -
 Kurmi, Hindu 53,000 Hindi 53,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 3,107,000 Kannada 3,083,000 - - 21,000 - 3,400
Kuruman 800 Kurumba, Betta 800 - - - - -
Kutuma 90 Kodava 90 - - - - -
 Labana, Sikh 100 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Lakhera 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
Lingader 500 Marathi - - - - - 500
 Lingayat 4,898,000 Kannada - - - 200 - 4,913,000
 Lohana 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
 Lohar, Hindu 65,000 Hindi 54,000 - - - - 11,000
 Lohar, Muslim 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Lunia, Hindu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Machala 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
Madari 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Madiga Christian 77,000 Telugu - - - 77,000 - -
 Madiga, Hindu 519,000 Telugu 519,000 - - 800 - -
 Madiga, Muslim 1,800 Telugu - 1,800 - - - -
 Magar Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
Maha Malasar 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Mahar Christian 15,000 Marathi - - - 15,000 - -
 Mahar, Hindu 83,000 Marathi 83,000 - - - - -
 Mahishya 1,300 Bengali 1,300 - - - - -
 Mahratta 1,911,000 Marathi 1,895,000 20 - 20 - 16,000
 Mahratta Kunbi 58,000 Gujarati 58,000 - - - - -
 Mahtam, Sikh 300 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Mahyavanshi 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
Maila 3,200 Tulu 3,200 - - - - -
 Mal, Hindu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Mala 21,000 Telugu 21,000 - - 100 - -
 Mala Christian 12,000 Telugu - - - 12,000 - -
Mala Dasari 6,200 Telugu 6,200 - - - - -
Mala Hannai 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Jangam 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Mala Masti 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Sale 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Sanyasi 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 140,000 Malayalam - - - 140,000 - -
Malai Vedan 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
Malaikudi 11,000 Tulu 11,000 - - - - -
Malasar 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
Malava 19,000 Tulu 19,000 - - - - -
 Malayali 5,700 Tamil 5,700 - - - - -
Malayarayar Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
Malayekandi 700 Malayalam 700 - - - - -
Maleru 2,800 Kannada 2,800 - - - - -
 Mali, Hindu 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
Manbhav 60 Marathi 60 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 4,200 Marathi 4,200 - - - - -
 Mangala 32,000 Telugu 32,000 - - - - 100
Maniyani 800 Kodava 800 - - - - -
 Mannan, Tribe 2,600 Malayalam 2,600 - - - - -
Manne 1,000 Telugu 1,000 - - - - -
 Mappila 422,000 Malayalam - 422,000 - - - -
 Maravan 20,000 Tamil 20,000 - - - - -
Masan Jogi 19,000 Kannada 19,000 - - - - -
Mashti 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Matang 35,000 Marathi 35,000 - - - - -
Matang Christian 2,800 Marathi - - - 2,800 - -
Mavilan 200 Tulu 200 - - - - -
 Mawalud 48,000 Urdu - 48,000 - - - -
 Mazhabi 300 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
Meda 46,000 Kannada 46,000 30 - 20 - -
 Megh, Hindu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Meitei 40 Meitei 40 - - - - -
 Memon 1,300 Gujarati - 1,300 - - - -
Mirasi, Hindu 20 Panjabi, Eastern 20 - - - - -
Mitha Ayyalvar 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Mizo Unknown Mizo - - - - - -
 Mochi, Hindu 28,000 Bengali 28,000 - - - - -
 Mochi, Muslim 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Moger 89,000 Tulu 89,000 - - - - -
 Moghal 148,000 Urdu - 148,000 - - - -
 Momna 70 Gujarati - 70 - - - -
Mondiwaru 40 Telugu - 40 - - - -
Mudhar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Mukkuvan, Christian 1,700 Malayalam - - - 1,700 - -
Mukkuvan, Hindu 5,900 Malayalam 5,900 - - - - -
Mukkuvan, Muslim 100 Malayalam - 100 - - - -
Mukri 14,000 Kannada 14,000 - - - - -
Mundala 32,000 Tulu 32,000 - - - - -
 Munnur 36,000 Telugu 36,000 - - - - -
Mutali 30 Tamil 30 - - - - -
 Muthuvan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 37,000 Telugu 37,000 - - - - -
 Nadar 78,000 Tamil 56,000 - - 22,000 - -
 Nadia 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Naga, unspecified 60 Naga, Zeme - - - 60 - -
Nagar Unknown Bengali - - - - - -
Nagarchi, Muslim 20 Sadri - 20 - - - -
Nagartha 35,000 Kannada 35,000 - - - - 80
 Nai, Hindu 332,000 Hindi 262,000 - - - - 70,000
Nai, Sikh 300 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
Naikadaya 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Naikda 1,917,000 Kannada 1,916,000 300 - 30 - 200
 Nair 144,000 Malayalam 144,000 - - - - -
Nairi 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Nalakeyava 7,300 Konkani, Goan 7,300 - - - - -
Nalband 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Nalkadaya 900 Tulu 900 - - - - -
 Namasudra, Hindu 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Nat, Hindu 9,600 Hindi 9,600 - - - - -
 Nau Buddh 396,000 Marathi - - 396,000 - - -
Navait 12,000 Malayalam - 12,000 - - - -
Navithan 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi 1,400 Gujarati 1,400 - - - - -
 Newah Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
Padiar 900 Konkani 900 - - - - -
Pagi 400 Konkani, Goan 400 - - - - -
Pale 15,000 Kodava 15,000 - - - - -
Paliya 60 Bengali 60 - - - - -
 Paliyan 2,900 Tamil 2,900 - - - - -
Pallar 3,000 Tamil 3,000 - - - - -
Palleyan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Palliyan 1,500 Tamil 1,500 - - 40 - -
Palluvan 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
Pambada 1,000 Tulu 1,000 - - - - -
Pan 1,600 Oriya 1,600 - - - - -
Panan 50 Tamil 50 - - - - -
 Panchama 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Pandaram 3,800 Malayalam 3,800 - - - - -
Panditattan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Pangul 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Panika 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Panikkan 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
 Paniyan 1,100 Paniya 1,100 - - - - -
Pannadi 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
Panniandi 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Paraiyan 4,200 Tamil 3,600 - - 700 - -
Paravan 5,600 Malayalam 4,400 - - 1,100 - -
Pardhan 100 Pardhan 100 - - - - -
 Pardhi 5,000 Pardhi 5,000 - - - - -
 Parsee 600 Gujarati - - - - - 600
 Pashtun, Northern 593,000 Urdu - 593,000 - - - -
 Pasi, Hindu Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
 Patelia 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
Patharwat 13,000 Marathi 13,000 - - -