CountryIndia

State:

  

Karnataka

District:

  

All



Number of People Groups

615

Unreached People Groups

582

Total Population

60,839,000

Buddhist

0.2 %

Christian

1.9 %

Hindu

79.5 %

Muslim

12.6 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

5.6 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Progress Scale
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi Andhra 74,000 Telugu 60,000 - 20 14,000 - -
 Adi Dravida 1,179,000 Tamil 1,063,000 - 700 115,000 - -
Adi Karnataka 3,691,000 Kannada 3,580,000 - 21,000 87,000 500 5,700
 Adiyan 500 Malayalam 500 - - 60 - -
 Agamudaiyan 19,000 Tamil 19,000 - - - - -
Agani 500 Kodava 500 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 8,800 Kannada 8,800 - - - - -
 Aghori 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
 Agri 600 Marathi 600 - - - - -
Ajila 3,800 Malayalam 3,800 - - - - -
Ajna 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Alambadi Kurichchan 1,500 Kurichiya 1,500 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 7,000 Malayalam 7,000 - - - - -
Ambattan 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
Amma Kodaga 2,000 Kodava 2,000 - - - - -
Anamuk 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Andh 1,200 Marathi 1,200 - - - - -
Anduran 2,500 Konkani, Goan 2,500 - - - - -
Anglo 137,000 English - - - 137,000 - -
 Ansari 331,000 Urdu - 331,000 - - - -
Anuppan 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Arab 200 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 200 - - - -
Arandan 70 Tamil 70 - - - - -
 Arasu 44,000 Kannada 44,000 - - - - -
Aray Mala 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
Arayan 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 600 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 600 -
 Arunthathiyar 3,500 Telugu 3,500 - - - - -
Arwa Mala 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 20 Assamese - 20 - - - -
Atari 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
Ayri 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Badaga 20,000 Badaga 20,000 - - 20 - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Hindi 48,000 - - - - 2,000
 Bagata 4,000 Telugu 4,000 - - - - -
 Bagdi (Hindu traditions) 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Bagdi, Wagdi 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Bagga 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
Baghban (Muslim traditions) 1,400 Urdu - 1,400 - - - -
Bahrupi 50 Marathi 50 - - - - -
Baira 8,400 Kannada 8,300 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 5,300 Bengali 5,300 - - - - -
Bakad 5,300 Kannada 5,300 - - - - -
Bakuda 3,800 Tulu 3,800 - - - - -
Balagai 8,900 Kannada 8,800 - 80 - - -
Balasantoshi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 948,000 Telugu 942,000 - - - - 11,000
Bandi 6,600 Kannada 6,600 - - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bangar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bania 553,000 Hindi 345,000 - - - - 211,000
 Bania, Agarwal 28,000 Hindi 21,000 - - - - 6,100
Bania, Chaturth 1,600 Marathi - - - - - 1,600
 Bania, Chetti 150,000 Tamil 70,000 - - - - 70,000
Bania, Gujar 1,200 Gujarati 1,200 - - - - -
Bania, Jaiswal 900 Hindi 400 - - - - 600
Bania, Kasar 800 Hindi 200 - - - - 600
 Bania, Komti 33,000 Telugu 33,000 - - - - 400
Bania, Mahajan 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahesri 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Bania, Mahur 700 Hindi 600 - - - - 40
Bania, Marwadi 1,800 Marwari 1,700 - - - - 60
 Bania, Oswal 2,500 Hindi 600 - - - - 1,800
 Bania, Porwal 3,800 Hindi 2,300 - - - - 1,500
 Bania, Srimali 100 Gujarati - - - - - 90
Bania, Trivarnika Vaisya 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Bania, Ummad 600 Hindi 200 - - - - 400
Banijiga 707,000 Kannada 638,000 - - 200 - 77,000
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 1,182,000 Lambadi 1,181,000 - - 900 700 -
Banka 80 Oriya 80 - - - - -
Banna 400 Kodava 400 - - - - -
Barda 300 Marathi 300 - - - - 30
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Bariki 400 Oriya 400 - - - - -
 Basor 63,000 Hindi 61,000 - - - - 2,600
Bathada 3,600 Tulu 3,600 - - - - -
Battal 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bauri 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Bavcha 900 Gujarati 1,200 - - - - -
Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 20 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
Bawtar 80 Konkani, Goan 80 - - - - -
Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 4,500 Telugu 4,500 - - - - -
 Beda Jangam 544,000 Kannada 206,000 - 100 - 60 338,000
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 2,245,000 Kannada 2,243,000 - - - - 1,600
Bedar, Kashmir (Muslim traditions) 2,200 Urdu - 2,200 - - - -
 Bedia (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Beg 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 689,000 Kannada 632,000 - - - - 57,000
Bellara 2,200 Kannada 2,200 - - - - -
 Bhampta 2,400 Marathi 2,400 - - - - -
Bhand (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bhandari 500 Oriya 500 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Hindu traditions) 26,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - 30 -
 Bhangi (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Bhansala 6,800 Marathi 6,800 - - - - -
Bharathar 500 Tamil 200 - - 200 - -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Bhattra 20 Bhatri 20 - - - - -
Bhavin 700 Konkani 700 - - - - -
 Bhil 2,100 Hindi 1,900 40 - - - 30
 Bhisti 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 285,000 Hindi 285,000 - - - - -
 Bhotia (Buddhist traditions) 30 Sikkimese - - 30 - - -
Bhottada 1,400 Kuvi 1,400 - - - - -
Bidur 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Binapatta 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Bind 1,000 Bhojpuri 1,000 - - - - -
 Bohra 400 Gujarati - 400 - - - -
 Boya 360,000 Telugu 356,000 - - - - 2,600
 Brahmin 2,576,000 Hindi 2,527,000 - - 200 - 46,000
Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 200 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Brahmin, Anavada 3,300 Gujarati 3,300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Anavala 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Audich 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Bengali 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Brahmin, Chitpavan 47,000 Marathi 47,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Daima 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Deshastha 61,000 Marathi 61,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaud Saraswat 44,000 Marathi 44,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gaur 84,000 Hindi 84,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Gujar Gaur 6,200 Hindi 6,200 - - - - -
Brahmin, Gujarati 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Brahmin, Iyer 24,000 Tamil 24,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Joshi 5,000 Hindi 5,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Kanaujia 82,000 Hindi 82,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Kannada 282,000 Kannada 282,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Karhada 12,000 Marathi 12,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Khandelwal 3,400 Hindi 3,400 - - - - -
Brahmin, Khedawal 700 Gujarati 700 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Maha 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mahratta 64,000 Marathi 64,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Marathi 51,000 Marathi 51,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Mewada 3,100 Gujarati 3,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Modh 3,300 Gujarati 3,300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Nagar 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Nambudiri 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
Brahmin, Ojha 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sanadhya 80,000 Hindi 80,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Saraswat 29,000 Hindi 29,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Sawaria 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Sholiar 15,000 Tamil 15,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Srigaud 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
Brahmin, Tamil 38,000 Tamil 38,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin, Telugu 57,000 Telugu 57,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Vadama 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
Brahmin, Velanadu 16,000 Telugu 16,000 - - - - -
 Burmese 40 Burmese - - 40 - - -
Butalu 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Byagara 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - 20 - - -
 Chain 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
Chakkiliyan 3,500 Tamil 3,500 - - - - -
Chaliyan 5,800 Tulu 5,800 - - - - -
 Chalvadi 197,000 Kannada 188,000 - 1,800 - - 6,200
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 663,000 Hindi 660,000 - 800 1,300 - -
Chandala 500 Oriya 500 - - - - -
Chapparband (Hindu traditions) 5,700 Kannada 5,700 - - - - -
 Chapparband (Muslim traditions) 3,300 Urdu - 3,300 - - - -
Chaptegar 6,400 Konkani, Goan 6,400 - - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
Charodi 4,700 Konkani, Goan 4,500 - - 200 - -
 Chenchu 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
Chenna Dasar 43,000 Kannada 43,000 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Malayalam 25,000 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 7,300 Malayalam - - - 7,300 - -
 Chhetri 90 Nepali 90 - - - - -
Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 20 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Chitara 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
Chitrakar 2,800 Kannada 900 - - - - 1,800
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 2,600 Marathi 1,500 - - - - 1,100
 Chodhara 400 Chodri 400 20 20 - - -
 Christian unspecified 181,000 Hindi - - - 181,000 - -
 Dabgar (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Marathi 14,000 - - - - -
Dakkal 1,300 Telugu 1,300 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 230,000 Hindi 215,000 - - - - 16,000
Devadasi 6,900 Kannada 6,900 - - - - -
Devadiga 137,000 Tulu 111,000 70 100 - - 1,700
Devanga 440,000 Kannada 371,000 - - 3,700 - 65,000
 Dhangar 1,096,000 Gujarati 1,097,000 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 643,000 Hindi 624,000 - 100 - - 5,600
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 30,000 Urdu - 30,000 - - - -
 Dhodia Unknown Gujarati - - - - - -
 Dhor 37,000 Marathi 30,000 - 60 - - 6,500
Divehi, Maldivian 100 Maldivian - 100 - - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 100 Oriya 100 - - - - -
Domm 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - - - -
 Dubla 300 Dubli 300 - - - - -
 Dudekula 20 Telugu - 20 - - - -
Durgamurgi 1,200 Kannada 1,200 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Faqir 50 Urdu - 50 - - - -
 Gadaba 80 Oriya 80 - - - - -
 Gamit 400 Gamit 400 - - - - 20
 Ganda 20 Oriya 20 - - - - -
Gandla 21,000 Telugu 21,000 - - - - -
 Gangakula 1,276,000 Kannada 1,276,000 - - - - 500
Gantichore 4,600 Kannada 4,600 - - - - -
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Gatti 6,000 Tulu 6,000 - - - - -
 Gauda 26,000 Oriya 26,000 - - - - -
Gavara 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
Gawli 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - - - - -
Ghadasi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Ghadi 4,200 Konkani, Goan 4,200 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 100 Gujarati 100 - - - - -
 Ghasi (Hindu traditions) 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
Ghisadi 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
 Giddikki 56,000 Konkani, Goan 56,000 - - - - -
Goan Catholic 72,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 72,000 - -
Godda 3,600 Kannada 3,500 - 200 - - -
 Gond 175,000 Hindi 172,000 400 200 50 20 2,000
Gondaru 82,000 Kannada 82,000 - - - - -
 Gondhali 4,500 Marathi 4,500 - - - - -
Gopal 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Gosain (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Hindi 13,000 - - - - -
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 2,700 Telugu 2,700 - - - - -
Gosangi (Muslim traditions) 300 Telugu - 300 - - - -
Gowari Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
 Gowdulu 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - - 20 - 60
Gudigar 2,400 Konkani 2,400 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 7,500 Hindi 7,500 - - - - -
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 20 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
Habura 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Hadi 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Hajam 13,000 Urdu - 13,000 - - - -
 Hakki Pikki 11,000 Vaagri Booli 11,000 - - - - 20
Halleer 6,000 Marathi 5,900 - 200 - - -
Halsar 13,000 Konkani, Goan 4,200 - 40 - - -
 Halwai (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Halwakki Wakkal 113,000 Kannada 39,000 - 100 500 - 5,900
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 100 Chinese, Mandarin - - 100 - - -
Hanabar 71,000 Tulu 71,000 - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 44,000 Kannada 20,000 - 30 - - 23,000
Harkantra 20,000 Kannada 20,000 - - - - -
Hasalaru 27,000 Tulu 27,000 - - - - 100
Hasla (Hindu traditions) 2,800 Tulu 2,800 - - - - -
 Hatkar 69,000 Marathi 69,000 - - - - -
Holar 1,800 Marathi 1,600 - 40 - - 100
Holaya Dasar 4,100 Kannada 4,100 - 20 - - -
Holer 786,000 Kannada 729,000 - 42,000 - - 15,000
Idayan 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
Ilavan 76,000 Malayalam 73,000 - - 2,900 - -
Illiger 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Irular 1,000 Irula 1,000 - - - - 40
Iruliga 11,000 Kannada 10,000 - - - - 300
Jaggali 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
Jambuvulu 17,000 Telugu 17,000 - 50 - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 13,000 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 13,000 -
Javeri 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jenu Kuruba 37,000 Kurumba, Jennu 37,000 - - - - 3,700
 Jew, South Asian 80 Marathi - - - - - 80
Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 80 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 80 -
 Jingar 6,500 Marwari 6,000 - - - - 500
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 108,000 Bengali 108,000 - - - - -
 Julaha 90 Hindi - - - - 90 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 800 Marathi 600 - - - - 100
 Kachhi (Hindu traditions) 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Kachhia (Hindu traditions) 30 Gujarati 30 - - - - -
Kadaiyar 600 Tamil 600 - - 50 - -
Kadan 500 Kadar 500 - - - - -
Kadia (Hindu traditions) 92,000 Kannada 92,000 - - - - -
Kadu Kuruba 22,000 Kannada 24,000 30 - 30 - 600
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Kaibartta 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
 Kaikadi 190,000 Kannada 190,000 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 9,900 Tamil 9,900 - - - - -
 Kakkalan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 1,331,000 Telugu 1,279,000 - - - - 52,000
Kalavant 28,000 Kannada 3,800 - - - - 24,000
Kalladi 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
Kallan 2,000 Tamil 2,000 - - - - -
Kalota Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
 Kalwar (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kamar 200 Kamar 200 - - - - -
Kamathi 7,300 Telugu 7,300 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 100 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Kammara 14,000 Telugu 3,200 - - - - 10,000
Kanai 3,200 Urdu - 3,200 - - - -
Kanakkan 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
Kanate 500 Kodava 500 - - - - -
Kancha Vakkal 200 Konkani, Goan 200 - - - - -
 Kanikaran 20 Kanikkaran 20 - - - - -
Kaniyan 4,400 Malayalam 4,400 - - - - -
 Kanjar (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kaora 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Kaparia 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Kapu 232,000 Telugu 232,000 - - 100 - 200
Karigar 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
Karimpalan 90 Malayalam 90 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 83,000 Marathi 22,000 - - - - 60,000
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 200 Kashmiri - 200 - - - -
 Kathodi 700 Marathi 600 30 - - - 80
Kattunayakan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Kavara 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Kavuthiyan 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Kepmaris 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
 Khairwar 30 Bengali 30 - - - - -
Khandait 40 Oriya 40 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 34,000 Gujarati 34,000 - - - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Gujarati - 1,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 200 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
Khetri 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Khoja 1,000 Gujarati - 1,000 - - - -
Kichagara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kodava 110,000 Kodava 110,000 - - - - -
 Kokna 3,900 Kukna 3,900 - - - - 30
Kolayiri 900 Malayalam 900 - - - - -
Kolhati 1,100 Marathi 1,100 - - - - -
 Koli 34,000 Gujarati 34,000 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 101,000 Marathi 100,000 100 - - - 400
 Koli Mahadev 29,000 Marathi 28,000 - 20 - - -
Koli Malhar 8,900 Marathi 8,900 - - - - -
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Kollara, Karnataka 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Komarpaik 22,000 Konkani, Goan 22,000 - - - - -
 Konda Kapu 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Konda Reddi 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
Koosa 4,200 Kannada 4,200 - - - 20 -
Kootan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Koracha, Caste 60,000 Kannada 60,000 - - - - -
Koracha, Tribe 20,000 Tulu 21,000 30 - 50 - 60
Korama 159,000 Kannada 158,000 - 100 - - -
 Kori 7,600 Bengali 7,600 - - - - -
 Korwa 49,000 Telugu 49,000 - - - - -
 Koshti 84,000 Marathi 83,000 - - 200 - 400
Kota 300 Kota 300 - - - - -
Kotegar 9,400 Kannada 6,200 - 30 - - -
 Koya 2,100 Telugu 2,100 - - - - -
Koyava 800 Kodava 800 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 57,000 Kannada 4,400 - - - - 53,000
Kudiya 3,400 Kudiya 3,400 - - - - -
 Kudumban 600 Tamil 600 - - - - -
Kudumi 42,000 Tamil 42,000 - - - - -
 Kui Khond Unknown Oriya - - - - - -
Kulama 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 442,000 Hindi 408,000 - - - - 34,000
Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 70 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 70 -
Kummari Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 149,000 Gujarati 148,000 - - 60 - 1,100
Kunchatiga 361,000 Kannada 360,000 - - - - 600
 Kuravan 13,000 Malayalam 13,000 - - - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 57,000 Hindi 57,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 3,224,000 Kannada 3,189,000 - - 26,000 - 9,000
Kuruman 1,000 Kurumba, Betta 1,000 - - - - 40
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 50 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 50 -
 Lakhera 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
Lingader 500 Marathi - - - - - 500
 Lingayat 1,446,000 Kannada - - - 200 - 1,445,000
 Lohana 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 67,000 Hindi 56,000 - - - - 11,000
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Lunia (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Machala 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
Madari 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 79,000 Telugu - - - 79,000 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 529,000 Telugu 524,000 - 4,400 900 - -
 Madiga (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Telugu 1,800 1,800 - - - -
 Magar 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
Maha Malasar 30 Tamil 20 - - - - -
Mahar (Christian traditions) 15,000 Marathi - - - 15,000 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 85,000 Marathi 78,000 - 7,000 - - -
 Mahishya 1,400 Bengali 1,400 - - - - -
 Mahratta 2,008,000 Marathi 1,988,000 60 - 40 - 20,000
 Mahratta Kunbi 62,000 Gujarati 62,000 - - - - -
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 200 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Mahyavanshi 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
Maila 3,200 Tulu 3,200 - - - - -
 Mal (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 12,000 Telugu - - - 12,000 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Telugu 22,000 - 30 100 - -
Mala Dasari 6,300 Telugu 6,300 - 30 - - -
Mala Hannai 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Jangam 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Mala Masti 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Mala Sale 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Mala Sanyasi 1,600 Telugu 1,600 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 142,000 Malayalam - - - 142,000 - -
Malai Vedan 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - 20 - -
Malaikudi 10,000 Tulu 9,900 - - - - 50
Malasar 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Malava 20,000 Tulu 20,000 - - - - -
 Malayali 5,900 Tamil 5,900 - - - - -
Malayarayar Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
Malayekandi 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Maleru 1,900 Kannada 1,900 - - - - 20
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
Manbhav 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 4,300 Marathi 4,300 - - - - -
 Mangala 38,000 Telugu 38,000 - - - - 200
Maniyani 800 Kodava 800 - - - - -
 Mannan, Caste 2,700 Malayalam 2,700 - - - - -
Manne 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
 Mappila 427,000 Malayalam - 427,000 - - - -
 Maravan 23,000 Tamil 23,000 - - - - -
 Masan Jogi 19,000 Kannada 19,000 - - - - -
Mashti 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 2,800 Marathi - - - 2,800 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 36,000 Marathi 35,000 - 700 - - -
Mavilan 200 Tulu 200 - - - - -
 Mawalud 49,000 Urdu - 49,000 - - - -
Meda 45,000 Kannada 44,000 30 - 40 - 500
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Meitei 50 Meitei 50 - - - - -
 Memon 1,400 Gujarati - 1,400 - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 20 Panjabi, Eastern 20 - - - - -
Mitha Ayyalvar 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 29,000 Bengali 29,000 - - - - -
 Mochi (Muslim traditions) 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Moger 90,000 Tulu 89,000 - 1,100 - - -
 Moghal 153,000 Urdu - 153,000 - - - -
 Momna 80 Gujarati - 80 - - - -
Mondiwaru 200 Telugu - 200 - - - -
Mudhar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 1,700 Malayalam - - - 1,700 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 6,500 Malayalam 6,500 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 100 Malayalam - 100 - - - -
Mukri 14,000 Kannada 13,000 - 700 - - -
Mundala 32,000 Tulu 32,000 - - - - -
 Munnur 23,000 Telugu 23,000 - - - - -
Mutali 30 Tamil 30 - - - - -
 Muthuvan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 21,000 Telugu 21,000 - - - - -
 Nadar 87,000 Tamil 65,000 - - 23,000 - -
 Nadia 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Naga, unspecified 60 Naga Pidgin - - - 60 - -
Nagar 60 Bengali 60 - - - - -
Nagarchi (Muslim traditions) 20 Sadri - 20 - - - -
Nagartha 40,000 Kannada 40,000 - - - - 80
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 364,000 Hindi 332,000 - - - - 69,000
Nai (Sikh traditions) 300 Panjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
Naikadaya 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Naikda 3,556,000 Kannada 3,522,000 3,600 300 500 200 24,000
 Nair 143,000 Malayalam 143,000 - - - - -
Nairi 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Nalakeyava 7,400 Kannada 7,400 - - - - -
Nalband 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Nalkadaya 900 Tulu 900 - - - - -
 Namassej 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
 Nau Buddh 7,800 Marathi - - 7,800 - - -
Navait 12,000 Malayalam - 12,000 - - - -
Navithan 13,000 Tamil 13,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi 1,500 Gujarati 1,500 - - - - -
 Newah 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
Padiar 1,000 Konkani, Goan 1,000 - - - - -
Pagi 400 Konkani, Goan 400 - - - - -
Pale 16,000 Kodava 16,000 - - - - -
Paliya 60 Bengali 60 - - - - -
 Paliyan 2,900 Tamil 2,900 - - - - -
Pallar 3,100 Tamil 3,100 - - - - -
Palleyan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Palliyan 700 Tamil 600 - - 40 - 30
Palluvan 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
Pambada 1,100 Tulu 1,100 - - - - -
 Pan 1,700 Oriya 1,700 - - - - -
Panan 50 Tamil 50 - - - - -
 Panchama 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Pandaram 4,100 Malayalam 4,100 - - - - -
Panditattan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
Pangul 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Panika 600 Chhattisgarhi 600 - - - - -
Panikkan 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
 Paniyan 900 Paniya 900 - - - - 30
 Pannadi 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
Panniandi 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Paraiyan 4,500 Tamil 3,800 - - 700 - -
Paravan 5,700 Malayalam 4,500 - - 1,200 - -
Pardhan 100 Pardhan 100 - - - - -
 Pardhi 6,700 Pardhi 6,300 60 - 20 - 300
 Parsee 600 Gujarati - - - - - 600
 Pashtun, Pathan 603,000 Urdu - 603,000 - - - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -