Bolango in Indonesia

Joshua Project has identified the Bolango only in Indonesia





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

They say the word Bolango is from the word balangon which means "sea/ocean". The Bolango people are Gorontalo people who have wandered to an area in North Sulawesi province then married with the Bolaang people who were native to that area. The resulting union between these two peoples also created a merger of languages and a mixing of cultures which resulted in something different than either the Bolaang or the Gorotalo originally had. Currently, the Bolango live in the border area between Gorontalo and North Sulawesi provinces, in the district of Bolaang Uki, in the regency of Bolaang Mongondow in the North Sulawesi province. This is about 3-4 hours east of the city of Gorontalo. The Bolango language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the Gorontalic family which also includes the Bintauna, Kaidipang, Buol, Gorontalo, Lolak and Suwawa languages.

What Are Their Lives Like?

From earliest times, the community has had three ways of shared styles of living. These three methods of living are still perpetuated today. They are: (1) Pogogutat, potolu adi', (2) Tonggolipu' and (3) Posad (mokidulu). The goal of mutual shared living is the same, but the forms of expression are somewhat different. Pogogutat, potolu adi' is having to do with family. Pogogutat is from the word utat which means "relative" (sibiling, cousin). Potolu adi' is from the word Tolu adi' (motolu adi') which means "father, mother and children" (being with one's wife and children). A typical cultural tradition in general society is that people will greet each other as they pass on the street without stopping. They call this mogimbalu'. Imbalu' (greeting) is a sign of respect for the other person. They may or may not even know that person. This form of greeting is like saying "Good morning" or something similar. The Bolaang area used to be quite backward. However, now, with the development of the Southern highway as an alternative route between North Sulawesi and Gorontalo, economic development has been stimulated. However the road is not very crowded and the bridge are damaged by flash flood. The income of the community has improved because of the opening of a fish processing plant in Bitung that handles the Bolaang tuna production.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bolango people are majority Muslim. There has yet to be found a Bolango person who has embraced any other religion. Not many non-Muslim live in the Bolango area, despite the fact that this group lives so close to the Minahasan people groups, who are majority Christian.

What Are Their Needs?

Illegal logging in the Bolango area is the cause of floods which damage bridges and roads due to the volume of sand, earth and stone carried by the flood waters. If the damage to the forest continues to worsen, the surrounding homes will be threatened as well. Because of this, community awareness of forest conservation is needed so reforestation can take place. This could open up a field of work that would form an integrated step toward meeting a need in this area.

Profile Source:   IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Pray for Sulawesi
People Name General Bolango
People Name in Country Bolango
Population in Indonesia 29,000
World Population 29,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Affinity Bloc Malay Peoples
People Cluster Gorontalo of Sulawesi
People Name General Bolango
Ethnic Code MSY44u
People ID 20295
Country Indonesia
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Sulawesi, Gorontalo Province, north peninsula.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Gorontalo (29,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Gorontalo 29,000
For Primary Language: Gorontalo

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1993)
New Testament Yes   (2000)
Complete Bible No
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Gorontalo Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.90 %)
2.80 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
97.20 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: IPN   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: IPN   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: IPN, 2011   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.