Bania, Subarna Banik in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Subarna Banik Banias are an integral part of Indian society; they are found everywhere from small villages to large cities. Their transactions keep business flowing for the lowliest farmer who needs a loan to buy seed for next year's crop. They are also prominent in the import-export business and participate in international trade deals. To summarize, they like to make money and are a caste of money-lenders and merchants.

Like other Bania subgroups, Subarna Banik young men are trained to keep accounts and taught to view profit as the only credible outcome of any transaction. They are skilled in mental arithmetic and can calculate interest rates and other complex calculations. Even at the beginning of their trading careers, Banias learn to sell their inventories to make a profit.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Some Subarna Banik follow the Hindu religion, while others are Jains.

What Are Their Needs?

Culturally sensitive Christians need to reach this caste group with the good news of the freedom they can have in Jesus—freedom from the perpetual reincarnations they believe necessary to bring them rest and peace. TV and radio can be incredibly powerful mediums for communicating the gospel because they can penetrate homes where Christian workers may not be able to go.

Prayer Points

* Pray that the Lord will appoint and anoint workers to create relevant culturally sensitive Christ-centered radio and TV materials for the Subarna Baniks.
* Pray that these media presentations will beam the light of His truth to these spiritually needy people.


Some information from "The Scheduled Castes" K. S. Singh, ed. Oxford University Press, USA (1994)

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-08-28
Video Links:
I Am Guilty
People Name General Bania, Subarna Banik
People Name in Country Bania, Subarna Banik
Population in India 166,000
World Population 171,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bania, Banik, Behgampuri, Kashyap, Moudgulya, Nagrishi, Poddar, Podder, Rarhi, Sandilya, Saptagrami, Sonarbene, Sureshwari
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Rajasthan
People Name General Bania, Subarna Banik
Ethnic Code CNN25
People ID 19724
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (160,000) Jharkhand (4,500) Andaman and Nicobar (800) Bihar (100)
Total States on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
West Bengal (160,000) Jharkhand (4,500)
Andaman and Nicobar (800) Bihar (100)
Languages & Dialects on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bengali (142,000) Hindi (21,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bengali 142,000 Hindi 21,000
For Primary Language: Bengali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1800-1980)
New Testament Yes   (1801-1984)
Complete Bible Yes   (1809-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bengali Bible stories Audio Recordings
Bengali Language Film Film / Video
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mussulmani-Bangla, Kitabul Mukkados Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Standard Bangla Common Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: কিতাবুল মোকাদ্দস Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
General Ministry Resources Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Bengali Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Isudas   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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