Hajam in India







Largest Religion

Main Language


Profile Source: Anonymous

Introduction / History

The Hajams or Hajjams are also known as the Nai Muslims or Turuk Navid in India. There is a long-standing tradition of the Hajam being hair-cutters, barbers and manicurist. The Hajams are found in nearly every part of India and most of Pakistan. In Nepal they can be found in almost any part of the Terai region.

What are Their Lives Like?

The Hajam remains a respected caste of hair-cutters (hajamat). In some areas the Hajams are the owners of barber shops and salons. In the Muslim community they can often be an active part of the community as hair-trimming for major family events like weddings and funerals can involve them. Even minor ritual surgeries like circumcision can be conducted by some Hajam. In some communities they can also be match-makers and some women assist with childbirth. Though they are Sunni Muslims, married women will often be distinguished by a nose-stud and the "bindi" dot on the forehead. They are not vegetarian and will eat beef with their rice, wheat or maize. In Nepal they speak Nepali as well as Bhojpuri, Urdu as well as Maithili.

What are Their Needs?

There is a little to no ministry among the Hajams although they are a fairly large Muslim group in Nepal. Even though their community can be slow to adopt new medicine and technology this group remains a strategic people to reach with the Gospel as they have far-reaching connection into the Muslim community socially.

Profile Source: Anonymous

People Name General Hajam
People Name in Country Hajam
Population in India 1,879,000
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Amrewal, Awadhi, Awadhia, Awari, Bahti, Banbiro, Banvaru, Bhandari, Chabang, Chirath, Dhanwal, Didhia, Ghaijo, Hajjam, Hazam, Jadowal, Jallan, Juvwa, Kaila, Kaith, Kalseru Navaliga, Kanaujia, Karagar, Kelasi, Kelasi Mhali, Khalasi, Khalipha, Khurakar, Kshaurak, Mangala, Matkos, Matwal, Mundu, Nabhik, Nadig, Naia, Napit, Narasundar, Navaliga, Navid, Nayeebrahman, Nayinda, Nhavi, Niaria, Osta, Panwari, Paramanik, Punwari, Raja, Rajaji, Sanmukh, Shil, Ustadji, Valand, Valand Nadig, Varik, Vavdichaksi, Wadhi, Wadhio
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Name General Hajam
Ethnic Code CNN25b
Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Urdu (1,470,000) Bhojpuri (228,000) Bengali (51,000) Gujarati (36,000)
Telugu (15,000) Awadhi (12,000) Tamil (11,000) Kachchi (11,000)
Panjabi, Eastern (9,800) Oriya (9,100) Maithili (8,800) Marathi (4,700)
Garhwali (2,700) Kashmiri (2,400) Dogri (2,400) Marwari (2,100)
Kannada (1,400) Kanauji (1,200) Dhundari (1,000) Bagheli (900)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Urdu 1,470,000 Bhojpuri 228,000
Bengali 51,000 Gujarati 36,000
Telugu 15,000 Awadhi 12,000
Tamil 11,000 Kachchi 11,000
Panjabi, Eastern 9,800 Oriya 9,100
Maithili 8,800 Marathi 4,700
Garhwali 2,700 Kashmiri 2,400
Dogri 2,400 Marwari 2,100
Kannada 1,400 Kanauji 1,200
Dhundari 1,000 Bagheli 900
Largest Religion Islam
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
Other / Small
Photo Source: Steve Evans Creative Commons: Yes
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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