Bihari Muslim in Bangladesh


Joshua Project has identified the Bihari Muslim only in Bangladesh

Population

931,000

Christian

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


The Greatest Sacrifice

Source:  Create International      Download

Introduction / History

The so-called Biharis are Muslims who originated from different ethno-linguistic groups in Bihar and neighboring States of British India. Following communal riots during and after the partition of the Indian Subcontinent hundreds of thousands of Urdu-speaking Muslims migrated from Bihar and other Indian States to East Pakistan. When the nationalist movement of the Bengalis led to the War of Independence, the Biharis sided with Pakistan and shared in the war crimes against millions of Bengali civilians. After the war they became victims of revenge and were gathered by the Red Cross (ICCRC) into 66 Relief camps to await repatriation to Pakistan. Until 1982 approx. 200,000 "stranded Pakistanis" were epatriated until internal ethnic conflicts caused Pakistan to refuse to accept any more Bihari migrants. In spite of many promises by different Pakistani governments approximately 300,000 Biharis remained stateless in Bangladesh for 39 years. The 66 former relief camps have evolved into urban slum communities where each family occupies a 6x6 sq ft. room. The congested housing situation, lack of sanitation and potable water causes many health problems. Poverty, hopelessness and social deterioration have made the camps a breeding ground for crime.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Traditionally Biharis are respected as skilled, hard workers. Children are expected to learn a trade at a young age to contribute to the family income and to stay away from unsupervised play. Due to lack of employment opportunities, many Biharis run micro-enterprises. They operate small auto repair and electrical shops or work as metal workers, drivers, rickshaw pullers, weavers or barbers. Still bearing the stigma as traitors, the younger generation is slowly coming to the realization that they will have to stay in Bangladesh. In 2007 the interim government granted voting rights and citizenship to Biharis who were minors during the 71 war or born later. While this a positive change the future development of the Biharis camps remain uncertain.



Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-10
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-10-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-04-09
People Name General Bihari Muslim
People Name in Country Bihari Muslim
Population in Bangladesh 931,000
World Population 931,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Urdu Muslim
People Name General Bihari Muslim
Ethnic Code CNN25r
People ID 19654
Country Bangladesh
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 43  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Dhaka (380,000) Rangpur (256,000) Khulna (114,000) Chittagong (105,000)
Rajshahi (70,000) Sylhet (3,100) Barisal (2,300)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Dhaka (380,000) Rangpur (256,000)
Khulna (114,000) Chittagong (105,000)
Rajshahi (70,000) Sylhet (3,100)
Barisal (2,300)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Urdu (612,000) Bengali (196,000) Bhojpuri (700) Sylheti (400)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Urdu 612,000 Bengali 196,000
Bhojpuri 700 Sylheti 400
For Primary Language: Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1843-1998)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Urdu Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: UGV Devanagari Text / Printed Matter
Bible: اردو جیو ورژن Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Urdu Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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