Fernandino Creole in Equatorial Guinea

Joshua Project has identified the Fernandino Creole only in Equatorial Guinea





Largest Religion


Introduction / History

The Criollos, Krio or Pidginglis speakers of Bioko Island, represent 0.5% of the population of Equatorial Guineans (EG), in West Africa. Although their language, an English-based Creole, is spoken by tens of thousands of EG as a trade language, this People Profile is focussing on the 2000 mother tongue speakers of Pidginglis (Krio) as a distinct people group.

In 1827 the British established the city of Clarence (later called Santa Isabel by the Spaniards and Malabo by the Equatorial Guineans).

The city was settled by English colonialists, 30 Sierraleonese, and 100 krumanes from Cabo Palmas. The majority of these African settlers had been liberated from slaving ships, and they were already speaking the English Creole of Freetown. At that time the island of Bioko was called Fernando Po,( named after its Portuguese explorer),and thus these new residents came to be called Fernandinos, or Criollos because of their Creole language.

As a result of Spanish colonization, the majority of Criollos are at least nominally Roman Catholic. There are about 20 evangelical believers, but there are no Pidginglis churches, and there are no missionaries dedicated to reaching the Criollos within their language and culture.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Fernandino Creole
People Name in Country Fernandino Creole
Population in Equatorial Guinea 6,600
World Population 6,600
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Country Equatorial Guinea
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country North central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, 6, Malabo area: Musola, Las Palmas, Sampaca, Basupu, Fiston, Balveri de Cristo Rey.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Equatorial Guinean Pidgin (6,600)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Equatorial Guinean Pidgin 6,600
For Primary Language: Equatorial Guinean Pidgin

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Jesus Film: view in Equatorial Guinean Pidgin Film / Video
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Roman Catholic

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 4.00 %)
99.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
1.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
10.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
15.0 %
Roman Catholic
75.0 %
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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