Ngai in Vietnam

Joshua Project has identified the Ngai only in Vietnam






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Ngai people are originally from Guangxi, China, and some of them migrated south into Vietnam. Ngai people have never considered themselves Hakka. Because no one, including Chinese people, knows how to categorize the Ngai people, they were simply categorized as Hakka. However, the Hakka language is not similar to the Ngai language.

Where Are they Located?

A few Ngai people live in Canada, Australia and the United States. In the U.S. you can find most Ngai people settled in Sacramento and Los Angeles County. In Vietnam, most Ngai people live in Dong Nai Province and Saigon and a few of them live elsewhere in Vietnam.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Ngai people are farmers. They also make their living through fishing, including crabs, shellfish and turtles. They celebrate lunar New Year and moon day festivals. During the holiday they have a lion dance and a dragon dance, eat moon cakes and light firecrackers.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Their religion is ancestor worship. They also worship Tin Hau, a goddess to fishermen. They venerate spirits from the sea, including a mythical dragon.


Some information from "The Peoples of Vietnam" by Asian Minorities Outreach, 1998.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Ngai
People Name in Country Ngai
Population in Vietnam 1,600
World Population 1,600
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Lau Man, Le, Ngai Hac Ca
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Ngai
Ethnic Code MSY42z
People ID 19120
Country Vietnam
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 16  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Quang Ninh, Hai Phong, Ha Bac, Cao Bang, Lang Son, Bac Thai provinces, and Ho Chi Minh City.   Source:  Peoples of Vietnam, 1998

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.

Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Yue: Cantonese (1,600)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Yue: Cantonese 1,600
For Primary Language: Chinese, Yue

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1862-1903)
New Testament Yes   (1877)
Complete Bible Yes   (1894-1981)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版) Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Yue Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament - Revised Union (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament - Simplified (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament - Union (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament in Cantonese (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
3.00 %
Ethnic Religions
97.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
5.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
20.0 %
Roman Catholic
75.0 %
Photo Source: Asia Harvest   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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