Tsaatan in Mongolia

Joshua Project has identified the Tsaatan only in Mongolia






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Dukha or Tsaatan are a Turkic people of reindeer herders who live in northern Khovsgol Aimag in Mongolia. Tsaatan means those who have reindeers in Mongolian. They speak Tuva and Mongolian.

They follow Tengrism as their religion. They worship creation and ancestors and believe the ghosts of ancestors live as animals and give guidance. They have religious books. The Dukha were originally from the Tuva part of Russia. They live as people did many years ago.

The Dukha are one of only a few reindeer herding peoples. Reindeers are of the utmost importance to them. They live on reindeer produce which are milk, yogurt and cheese. They use reindeer for transport and for carrying items and really look after them and treat them as part of the family. Adults and children alike train the reindeers.

The Dukha are nomadic and move about a lot, which can be an obstacle to the gospel. They live in portable round tents that are called yurts made mostly from tree bark. They sleep on the ground on skins and their yurt always includes a stove. They also hunt wild animals for food for themselves.

Prayer Points

* Pray that ways are found to give the Dukha the gospel message.
* Pray that they will be shown the Bible and replace their religious books with it and that they will come to Jesus Christ.



Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Tsaatan
People Name in Country Tsaatan
Population in Mongolia 300
World Population 300
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Duhalar, Dukha
Affinity Bloc Turkic Peoples
People Cluster Ural-Siberian
People Name General Tsaatan
Ethnic Code MSY41z
People ID 18992
Country Mongolia
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country North and west Monolia, Hövsgöl and Hovd Aimags.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Enthologue Language Map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tuva (300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tuva 300
For Primary Language: Tuva

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1996)
New Testament Yes   (2002)
Complete Bible Yes   (2011)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Tuva Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Taylor Weidman   Creative Commons  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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