Alu in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



Because of their extreme geographic isolation, the Alu are not well known. They have little contact with the outside world. The Alu have been placed under the official Yi nationality in China, even though they speak their own distinct language and possess their own unique customs and style of dress. They are also known as Luwu and Luowu.


During the Tang and Song dynasties (581-1276), the various Yi groups in southern China were known by the Chinese as the "Seven tribes of Wuman." They were part of a much larger Tibeto-Burman group. According to Chinese records, the Wuman started to migrate southward into Yunnan during the second century BC and gradually splintered into the numerous different tribes and clans that make up the Yi nationality today.


Most Alu families live in packed-dirt homes with flat roofs. They use the flat roofs as a place to dry grain. Alu homes usually have three large rooms. The central room is used as a living room, dining room, and an animistic worship center. The other two rooms serve as a kitchen and a bedroom. In some areas, the Alu slap water buffalo manure on the sides of their homes and leave it to dry in the sun. The dried manure is later used for fuel and also for insulation from the weather in the winter. Among other things, the Alu are known for their homebrewed whiskey. During special occasions and festivals it is not uncommon to see the entire community of Alu people, including small children, completely drunk. Alcoholism has a strong hold on the Alu and contributes to a short life expectancy among them.


The Alu are animists and polytheists and, as a result, feel the need to appease many gods and ward off many forms of evil. On the first day of the year two chickens are sacrificed at every path of entrance into a village. They pray to a dragon spirit, asking it to not allow demons to enter the village in the coming year.


The Alu are a totally unreached people group. Yuanyang County, where the majority of Alu live, counts about 2,000 believers among the Yuanyang Nisu. These believers live some distance away from the Alu, however, and have not attempted to take the gospel to them at this stage. Chinese evangelists visited the Alu in March 2000, but reported, "The Alu couldn't speak Mandarin and didn't want to listen to the gospel.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Alu (Ah-loo)
People Name in Country Alu
Population in China 3,900
World Population 15,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names I, Lô Lô, Lolo, Yi
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Alu (Ah-loo)
Ethnic Code MSY50i
People ID 18886
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country A total of 5,500 Alu people live in southern Yunnan Province. They live in the Hama Community of Huangcaoling District in Yuanyang County and in the adjoining western part of Laojizhai District in Jinping County. There is also a people group who call themselves Alu living in Jiangcheng County of Simao Prefecture. An additional 1,407 Alu live in northern Laos where they are officially labelled Lolo..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Alugu (3,900)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Alugu 3,900

For Main Lanugage: Alugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
None reported  
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
95.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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