Tatar, Khakass, Yenisei in Russia





Largest Religion

Main Language



Although the Chinese officially consider the Khakas to be a part of the Kirgiz nationality, their languages and culture "differ considerably." In Russia the Khakas are a collection of the five nomadic Turkic-speaking tribes of Kacha, Kyzyl, Sagai, Beltir, and Koibal.


During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) the Kirgiz fought with the Oirats. When the latter were defeated by the Eastern Mongols, most Kirgiz tribes moved to the Tianshan Range in Xinjiang where they still live today. A few Kirgiz remained in their homeland on the upper Yenisei River in today's Russia. Others lived just south of there, in the Altai Mountain range, as late as the eighteenth century. "When the Qing forces defeated the Jungars in the 1750s, they removed these Kirgiz [Khakas] to China's northeast. The first group moved there in 1758 and a second group followed them in 1761 from the Altai and Kang'ai mountain ranges. These two groups form the core of today's Kirgiz [Khakas] in Heilongjiang."


Most Khakas no longer practise their own customs. They have adapted to Chinese culture and before long will probably cease to be a distinct people.


Unlike the Kirgiz, there are no Muslims among the Khakas. They were converted to Tibetan Buddhism by their Mongol neighbors. "Until the 1950s you could still find shamans, called Gam in the Khakas villages." Today the Khakas are rapidly becoming a secularized group. Few of the present generation of Khakas youth have any interest in religion.


There has never been a single known believer among the Khakas in China. Their relatives in Russia are also an unreached people who follow animistic practices.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-03-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-03-10
People Name General Tatar, Khakass, Yenisei (Tah-tar)
People Name in Country Tatar, Khakass, Yenisei
Population in Russia 72,000
World Population 74,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Khakass, Yenisei Tatar
Affinity Bloc Turkic Peoples
People Cluster Ural-Siberian
People Name General Tatar, Khakass, Yenisei (Tah-tar)
Ethnic Code MSY41z
People ID 18884
Country Russia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Khakassia (Khakasia) Republic, north of Altai Mountains; Krasnoyarsk Territory, north of Khakassia Republic; Tuva Republic; scattered throughout the federation.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Khakas (72,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Khakas 72,000
For Primary Language: Khakas

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1995-2008)
New Testament Yes   (2009)
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Jesus Film: view in Khakas Film / Video
Online Scripture / Portions Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.10 %)
30.00 %
Ethnic Religions
70.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
100.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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