Shui in China

Population

313,000

Christian

0.07%

Evangelical

0.04%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


The Bouyei and The Shui

Source Asia Harvest                                                Download

Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Shui are one of China's 55 official minorities. Their name, which means "water" in Chinese, reflects their history. They were originally part of the Luo-yue tribe who lived along China's southeastern coast. Centuries later they were forced to migrate inland to their present mountainous location. Today the Shui still have more than ten different words for "fish."


History

The Shui are proud of their history, which dates back as far as 200 BC in Chinese records. The Shui have traditionally enjoyed good relationships with the Chinese. A Shui man, Teng Enming, was a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party.


Customs

Shui women wear a white headdress for three years after the death of a relative. After the three-year period they can wear black again. Most Shui village leaders are able to read the 500 to 600-year-old ancient Shui script. The book contains a Shui code of ethics and behavior. Some leaders are teaching the script to young Shui boys. The Shui live in villages that are arranged according to family clans.


Religion

All Shui worship their ancestors. This is considered their main religion. It keeps them in bondage to the past and prevents them from receiving Christ, because to do so would be considered an insult to their ancestors.


Christianity

Several French Catholic missionaries first went to the Shui in 1884. By the early 1900s some 30 Catholic churches and 5,000 Shui Christians existed. However, all the believers were put to death or fell away during the anti-Christian movement of 1906. In recent years, missionaries have traveled to the villages that formerly contained Catholic churches and have not found a trace of Christianity remaining - neither old buildings nor any knowledge of the gospel among the people. Today there are reported to be only "a small number of Christians" among the Shui. Another source adds, "a handful of Catholic believers remain." A breakthrough came in late 1997 and 1998 when approximately 100 Shui people came to Christ and were being discipled by Chinese believers.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Approximately 430,000 members of the Shui minority live in southern Guizhou Province, primarily in Duyun, Sandu, and Libo counties. In addition, small numbers of Shui are located in northern Guangxi. The descendants of eight Shui families who migrated out of China about 50 years ago live in northern Vietnam.
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People Name General Shui
People Name in Country Shui
ROP3 Code 114309
Joshua Project People ID 18682
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 313,000
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Shuijia, Sui, Sui Li, Suijia, Suipo,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Sui: Shui 313,441
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Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mon-Khmer
People Name General Shui
Ethnic Code AUG03z
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Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.07%    ( Evangelical  0.04% )
Ethnic Religions
92.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
7.93%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
55.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
45.00%
Photo Source: Paul Noll
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project. A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.