Qiang, Longxi in China

Joshua Project has identified the Qiang, Longxi only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language


The Qiang

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Longxi Qiang is a distinct language spoken by members of the official Qiang nationality in China.

Chinese scholars describe the various Qiang languages, including Longxi, as mere "dialects" of Qiang, but they are clearly distinct languages. The Southern Qiang languages have as many as six tones, while Northern Qiang is non tonal.


The Qiang honor white stones, a tradition reportedly started after a conflict many centuries ago. The hostile Geji tribe ambushed the Qiang, who being caught unprepared, picked up sticks and white stones and fought with them. Despite their marked disadvantage, they defeated their enemies and won the right to live in the fertile valley that remains their home today.


Qiang families spend much of their time around the fireplace and cauldron, which is located in the middle of their homes. The cauldron "is an iron or steel tripod over which hangs a hook known commonly as a 'rat's tail', which can be raised or lowered at will to regulate the heat of the fire."


During their annual sacrifice, the Qiang carry a sacred roll of white paper which represents the Word of God - even though it has nothing written on it. Torrance explains how "each year a fresh piece of white paper is rolled around the scroll to indicate the purity of the Word or Heaven-sent sin bearer which they termed variously Je-Dzu, Nee-Dzu or Rin-Dzu, meaning 'Saviour'. On hearing this my father then read the first chapter of St. John's Gospel which tells of the Word of God made flesh in Jesus Christ. He told the Qiang that they had been tucked away in such a remote part of the world that they had never heard that the Word of God had come in Jesus Christ. As he announced the Good News the priest and all his household believed and were duly baptized."


After all of the Qiang church leaders had been martyred in 1935, missionary Thomas Torrance returned to Scotland. A Qiang Christian, Huang Taiqing, wrote to him: "Because of the Communist persecution, this book was hidden in a cave during the year of the Chinese Republic. Thus the book was saved from destruction. In memory of the Gospel Chapel of Tongmenwai, Lifan County." The New Testament was sent to Torrance as a pledge that the church among the Qiang would rise again. Today there are Qiang believers living in Kegu, Kampo, Lixian, Songpan, and Maoxian counties, but it is not known if there are any Christians among the Longxi Qiang dialect group.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Qiang, Longxi (Chee-ung, Long-shee)
People Name in Country Qiang, Longxi
Population in China 5,600
World Population 5,600
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chiang, Longxi, Longxi, Lung-hsi Ch'iang, Qiang, Pingfang
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Qiang, Longxi (Chee-ung, Long-shee)
Ethnic Code MSY50r
People ID 18663
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 4,000 Longxi Qiang are one of at least ten Qiang language groups living in the Aba Prefecture in western Sichuan Province. The Longxi Qiang live in the northern part of Wenchuan County. The 1,155-kilometerlong (712 mi.) Dadu River flows through the region. "It is sandwiched between skyhigh cliffs on both banks and follows a course replete with rocks, precarious shoals and submerged reefs.".   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Qiang, Southern: Longxi (5,600)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Qiang, Southern: Longxi 5,600
For Primary Language: Qiang, Southern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Translation Need Questionable
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
95.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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