Mongol, Sichuan in China

Joshua Project has identified the Mongol, Sichuan only in China

Population

35,300

Christian

0.10%

Evangelical

0.02%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Sichuan Mongols are officially counted as part of the Mongolian nationality in China. They are a distinct ethnolinguistic group, however, from all other Mongolian peoples. They call themselves Mongols and possess their own clothing, history and language. All other peoples in the region recognize them as Mengzu (Mongols).


History

Joseph Rock was the first recorded foreigner to visit the Sichuan Mongols in 1924. He described the town of Youngning as "the seat of three chiefs whose ancestors were Mongols, elevated to power by Kublai Khan in the 13th century." Rock adds, "When the great Mongol Emperor marched through the territory about Youngning, 1253 AD, he left one of his relatives to rule the Hlihin tribesmen." Before Communist rule, the Mongol king acted as a warlord over the whole region. "When the Communists took over, they deposed him, not killing him so as not to make him a martyr in the people's eyes." The Mongol palace was destroyed and the prince was sent to a reeducation camp for several years. The prince, La Ping Chu, is still alive today and respected by his people, although he is not allowed to rule. Many older Mongols still bow their heads in respect when they pass him on the street.


Customs

Most Sichuan Mongols are farmers or fishermen, leading quiet lives in their remote villages. They observe Buddhist festivals, "hoping some day their kingdom will be restored to them."


Religion

Tibetan Buddhism - also known as Lamaism - is the stronghold of the Sichuan Mongols. There is a temple in active use just behind the prince's house. Most temples and altars were destroyed during the Cultural Revolution.


Christianity

Very few Sichuan Mongols have ever heard the name of Jesus Christ. One person who has heard the gospel is the prince himself, witnessed to by foreign visitors a few years ago. A prayer for healing was offered for the prince, who could not stand up straight because of a stomach ulcer. He was completely healed. The Sichuan Mongols are surrounded by unreached people groups on every side; therefore, there are no Christian communities nearby who could reach them. Gospel radio broadcasts in Mandarin have had little effect because few understand Chinese.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Mongol, Sichuan
People Name in Country Mongol, Sichuan
Population in China 35,300
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Hihin, Hii-khin, Lugu Lake Mongols, Sichuan Mongolians
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mongolian
People Name General Mongol, Sichuan
Ethnic Code MSY41f
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Approximately 27,000 Mongols live in the southern part of Sichuan Province. Although a few Mongol villages are within the borders of Yunnan Province - located on the shores of Lugu Lake among the Mosuo people - most are in Sichuan, spread out along two or three valleys in Yanyuan and Muli counties, northeast of Lugu Lake.
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Mongolian, Peripheral (35,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Mongolian, Peripheral 35,000
Largest Religion Buddhism
Buddhism
90.00%
Christianity
0.10%    ( Evangelical  0.02% )
Ethnic Religions
4.90%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
5.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
100.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Bryan Nicholson / cartoMission
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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