Mongol, Khamnigan in China

Joshua Project has identified the Mongol, Khamnigan only in China

Population

2,540

Christian

0.00%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

Although they are officially considered part of the Mongolian nationality, the small number of Khamnigan Mongols speak their own distinct language and have major cultural differences with other Mongolian groups. The Khamnigan Mongols have also never embraced Tibetan Buddhism.


History

Little is known of the historical background of the Khamnigan Mongols. Their past has been intertwined with the Ewenki people for centuries. They have traded and intermarried with them for many generations. Today the two groups share many similar cultural traits.


Customs

Khurund is a milk curd thickened in the sun until it dries into a hard, gray cheese. In the days of Genghis Khan a warrior would mix a lump of khurund with water and put it into his saddlebag. "By their motion in riding," wrote Marco Polo, "the contents are violently shaken, and a thin porridge is produced upon which they make their dinner."


Religion

Unlike most other Mongol groups, the Khamnigan Mongols have never adhered to Tibetan Buddhism. Their primary religion is shamanism. They worship the elements of nature, not unlike the Mongols at the time of Genghis Khan.


Christianity

One missionary visiting the Khamnigan Mongols in 1995 revealed that there are no known Christians or churches among them. Some may have heard the gospel through the witness of the Ewenki, who number more than 100 Eastern Orthodox believers in China. Most Khamnigan Mongols in China, however, remain completely without knowledge of the person of Jesus Christ.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Mongol, Khamnigan
People Name in Country Mongol, Khamnigan
Population in China 2,540
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Hamunikan, Kamnigan, Khamnigan, Xamnigan
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mongolian
People Name General Mongol, Khamnigan
Ethnic Code MSY41f
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country The Khamnigan Mongols are scattered across Siberia, Mongolia, and the Chen Baehru Banner of the Hulunbuir League in China's Inner Mongolia. All of these locations are in the Onin- Argun region of the Trans Baikalia. A 1993 study listed 1,600 Khamnigan Mongols in China.
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Evenki (2,500)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Evenki 2,500
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
70.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
30.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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