Mongol, Khamnigan in China


Joshua Project has identified the Mongol, Khamnigan only in China

Population

2,540

Christian

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Identity

Although they are officially considered part of the Mongolian nationality, the small number of Khamnigan Mongols speak their own distinct language and have major cultural differences with other Mongolian groups. The Khamnigan Mongols have also never embraced Tibetan Buddhism.


History

Little is known of the historical background of the Khamnigan Mongols. Their past has been intertwined with the Ewenki people for centuries. They have traded and intermarried with them for many generations. Today the two groups share many similar cultural traits.


Customs

Khurund is a milk curd thickened in the sun until it dries into a hard, gray cheese. In the days of Genghis Khan a warrior would mix a lump of khurund with water and put it into his saddlebag. "By their motion in riding," wrote Marco Polo, "the contents are violently shaken, and a thin porridge is produced upon which they make their dinner."


Religion

Unlike most other Mongol groups, the Khamnigan Mongols have never adhered to Tibetan Buddhism. Their primary religion is shamanism. They worship the elements of nature, not unlike the Mongols at the time of Genghis Khan.


Christianity

One missionary visiting the Khamnigan Mongols in 1995 revealed that there are no known Christians or churches among them. Some may have heard the gospel through the witness of the Ewenki, who number more than 100 Eastern Orthodox believers in China. Most Khamnigan Mongols in China, however, remain completely without knowledge of the person of Jesus Christ.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-07-24
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-07-08
People Name General Mongol, Khamnigan (Mong-goll, Khahm-nee-gahn)
People Name in Country Mongol, Khamnigan
Population in China 2,500
World Population 2,500
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Hamunikan, Kamnigan, Khamnigan, Xamnigan
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mongolian
People Name General Mongol, Khamnigan (Mong-goll, Khahm-nee-gahn)
Ethnic Code MSY41f
People ID 18606
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 37  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The Khamnigan Mongols are scattered across Siberia, Mongolia, and the Chen Baehru Banner of the Hulunbuir League in China's Inner Mongolia. All of these locations are in the Onin- Argun region of the Trans Baikalia. A 1993 study listed 1,600 Khamnigan Mongols in China..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Evenki (2,500)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Evenki 2,500
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1995)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
70.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
30.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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