Mongol, Khalka in China

Population

65,700

Christian

0.25%

Evangelical

0.19%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The name Khalka means "shield." The region of northern Mongolia has been called the shield since the sixteenth century. In the early 1900s one missionary described the Mongols as "well-built and sturdy. In appearance he is dirty and unkempt. His unwashed face and hands, tousled hair, and shaggy, greasy, sheep-skin garments create a prejudice against him. On the other hand, he is simple-minded, fearless, and self-reliant; generous, and comparatively honest, kindly, hospitable, and easily approached and understood when treated with proper consideration."

The Khalka language is largely intelligible with the standard spoken by most Mongols in China. Speakers from the two countries have little trouble understanding each other; however, one linguist points out that the two languages "have important phonological and loan differences."


History

The Khalka keep "carefully preserved genealogies to prove they are descendants of Genghis Khan." For centuries they were ruled by a hereditary line of nobles and princes, until they were stripped of power by the Mongolian and Chinese Communist governments this century.


Customs

The greatest festival of the year for all Mongols is nadam, a word meaning "amusement." Mongols from far and wide gather for horse racing, wrestling, and other fun and games.


Religion

The majority of Khalka Mongols in China follow Tibetan Buddhism, also known as Lamaism. "It has welded them together, has leavened their civilization with religious ideals, and has made them kind and hospitable. But, on the other hand, it has robbed their manhood of its energy and natural ambition. Until the power of Lamaism, with its overgrown, dissolute, and corrupting priesthood, is broken, there can be no hope of arresting the sure decay of the Mongols or of preventing their ultimate extinction."


Christianity

There are a few known Christians among the Khalka in China. Prior to 1949 the Catholic Church claimed many converts (mostly Han Chinese) in Inner Mongolia, but one critic observed that "very often the incentive held out to the heathen is an economic one. The converts are invited to live on the land, each family is given an ox, a plow, a small field and sufficient seed." Portions of the Bible were first translated into Khalka in the early twentieth century, but the script used is now obsolete. Early missionary work was slow and difficult. "Looking back on our work in Mongolia it seems dark, having borne little fruit, but I lift my eyes upward to Him who can look deeper and farther than we can look and does not judge simply by the outward appearance as we do. We believe there will be some saved souls from Mongolia in the great blood-washed multitude before the throne of the Redeemer."



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Submit a new profile or correction

Submit an update
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country The Khalka language, or Hahl for short, is the main language of the nation of Mongolia. In addition, approximately 50,000 speakers of Khalka are located along the China- Mongolia border.
Submit an update
People Name General Mongol, Khalka
People Name in Country Mongol, Khalka
ROP3 Code 114225
Joshua Project People ID 18605
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 65,700
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Bait, Bayad, Bayit, Hahl Mongol, Hanl, Khalka, Khalkha Mongol, Meng Zu, Menggu, Mongolian, Oirat, Southeastern Mongolian, Western Mongul,
Submit an update
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Mongolian, Halh
Submit an update
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mongolian
People Name General Mongol, Khalka
Ethnic Code MSY41f
Submit an update
Largest Religion Buddhism
Buddhism
60.00%
Christianity
0.25%    ( Evangelical  0.19% )
Ethnic Religions
30.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
9.75%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
90.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
10.00%
Photo Source: Charles Keen
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center Copyrighted ©: Yes
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Get Involved
Register ministry activity for this group

Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project. A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.