Lhoba, Bogar in China

Joshua Project has identified the Lhoba, Bogar only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



The Bogar form part of the official Lhoba nationality in China. In the 1990 census, only 2,312 Lhoba were counted. A 1987 study, however, reported 3,000 speakers of Bogar and 7,000 speakers of Yidu Lhoba. Some publications have incorrectly reported a population of 200,000 Lhoba in Tibet. The name Lhoba means "southerners" in the Tibetan language. The Lhoba are not the same group as the Lopa (Mustang) Tibetans of Nepal.


Until the 1950s the Bogar were frequently bullied and oppressed by the Tibetans. The Bogar were not allowed to intermarry with other nationalities and were not allowed to leave their area without the permission of the Tibetans. In August 1965, the State Council of China officially recognized the Lhoba as a distinct minority group. The first satellite TV dish was installed in Medog Prefecture in 1989, linking this remote area with the rest of China.


Few peoples in the world are as isolated as the Bogar. The barefooted tribesmen are skilled hunters and fishermen. The forests they inhabit still contain many Bengali tigers and 40 species of other rare protected animals. There are two classes among the Bogar: maide and nieba. The maide class are free to keep slaves and hold authority in the society. The word nieba means "those who are not allowed to lift their heads casually." They are slaves who have no rights.


Most Bogar are worshipers of evil spirits. When they become sick, they believe they are being afflicted by demons. A shaman is summoned to heal the sick person by calling the soul back to the body. Every Bogar village has an altar where sacrifices and divination take place. The most common form of telling the future is to study the lines of a rooster's liver. Sometimes dozens or even hundreds of roosters will be killed in order to secure a favorable decision.


The Bogar of Tibet are a completely unevangelized people. They presently have no access to the gospel. Their area is effectively sealed off from the rest of the world by geographic, political, and religious barriers.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Lhoba, Bogar (Low-bar-Bo-gah)
People Name in Country Lhoba, Bogar
Population in China 4,200
World Population 4,200
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bengi-Boga'er, Boga'er, Boga'er Luoba, Bokar, Lhoba
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Lhoba, Bogar (Low-bar-Bo-gah)
Ethnic Code MSY50z
People ID 18547
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Approximately 3,500 speakers of the Bogar language inhabit a sparsely populated area of southeast Tibet. They live south of the Yaluzang (Yarlung Zangbo) River in the two large counties of Lhunze and Mainling. Medog Prefecture is the size of Holland, yet contains just 9,000 people. It is closed for most of the year due to snow and landslides. One study remarks that "an unknown number of Bogar can also be found on the south slope of the eastern section of the Himalayan ranges." The 1981 census of India listed 3,375 Bokar living in the state of Arunachal Pradesh..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Adi: Bokar (4,200)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Adi: Bokar 4,200
For Primary Language: Adi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1932-1986)
New Testament Yes   (1988-2003)
Complete Bible Yes   (2005-2009)
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Adi Film / Video
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
30.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
70.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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