Lhoba, Bogar in China

Joshua Project has identified the Lhoba, Bogar only in China

Population

4,190

Christian

0.00%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Bogar form part of the official Lhoba nationality in China. In the 1990 census, only 2,312 Lhoba were counted. A 1987 study, however, reported 3,000 speakers of Bogar and 7,000 speakers of Yidu Lhoba. Some publications have incorrectly reported a population of 200,000 Lhoba in Tibet. The name Lhoba means "southerners" in the Tibetan language. The Lhoba are not the same group as the Lopa (Mustang) Tibetans of Nepal.


History

Until the 1950s the Bogar were frequently bullied and oppressed by the Tibetans. The Bogar were not allowed to intermarry with other nationalities and were not allowed to leave their area without the permission of the Tibetans. In August 1965, the State Council of China officially recognized the Lhoba as a distinct minority group. The first satellite TV dish was installed in Medog Prefecture in 1989, linking this remote area with the rest of China.


Customs

Few peoples in the world are as isolated as the Bogar. The barefooted tribesmen are skilled hunters and fishermen. The forests they inhabit still contain many Bengali tigers and 40 species of other rare protected animals. There are two classes among the Bogar: maide and nieba. The maide class are free to keep slaves and hold authority in the society. The word nieba means "those who are not allowed to lift their heads casually." They are slaves who have no rights.


Religion

Most Bogar are worshipers of evil spirits. When they become sick, they believe they are being afflicted by demons. A shaman is summoned to heal the sick person by calling the soul back to the body. Every Bogar village has an altar where sacrifices and divination take place. The most common form of telling the future is to study the lines of a rooster's liver. Sometimes dozens or even hundreds of roosters will be killed in order to secure a favorable decision.


Christianity

The Bogar of Tibet are a completely unevangelized people. They presently have no access to the gospel. Their area is effectively sealed off from the rest of the world by geographic, political, and religious barriers.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Lhoba, Bogar
People Name in Country Lhoba, Bogar
Population in China 4,190
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bengi-Boga'er, Boga'er, Boga'er Luoba, Bokar, Lhoba
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Lhoba, Bogar
Ethnic Code MSY50z
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Approximately 3,500 speakers of the Bogar language inhabit a sparsely populated area of southeast Tibet. They live south of the Yaluzang (Yarlung Zangbo) River in the two large counties of Lhunze and Mainling. Medog Prefecture is the size of Holland, yet contains just 9,000 people. It is closed for most of the year due to snow and landslides. One study remarks that "an unknown number of Bogar can also be found on the south slope of the eastern section of the Himalayan ranges." The 1981 census of India listed 3,375 Bokar living in the state of Arunachal Pradesh.
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Adi: Bokar (4,200)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Adi: Bokar 4,200
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Adi
Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
30.00%
Christianity
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
70.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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