Kyakala in China

Joshua Project has identified the Kyakala only in China

Population

2,850

Christian

0.00%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Kyakala are the remnant of a people whose assimilation into surrounding nationalities was hastened by the large populations of their neighbors. The Kyakala were initially consumed into the Manchu nationality, which in turn has largely been swallowed up by the Han Chinese. Assimilation occurs when "members of minority groups have absorbed the characteristics of the dominant group to the exclusion of their own and become indistinguishable from members of the majority."


History

The Kyakala area was controlled by the Japanese between 1932 and 1945. Horrific cruelty was inflicted on the inhabitants of Manchuria. "Over 4,000 were exterminated in bestial fashion; some were frozen or infected with bubonic plague, others were injected with syphilis, and many were roasted alive in furnaces." Fu Yuguang of the Jilin Institute of Ethnic Studies in Changchun is presently the most competent scholar on the Kyakala.


Customs

Many Kyakala people today earn their living from their involvement in cross-border trade with the Russians, which has increased markedly since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The main items traded are food, clothing, and household goods.


Religion

Once a people dominated by shamanism, the Kyakala show few traces of their former religion today. Most of these people are nonreligious, although many elderly Kyakala retain ancestor worship practices in their homes.


Christianity

There are no known Kyakala Christians. A revival in the 1990s swept through many parts of Heilongjiang Province but did not encompass the Kyakala area in the northwest of the province. The Kyakala would now best be reached by using the Chinese Scriptures.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Approximately 2,000 members of the Kyakala were reported in 1996. None, however, are able to still speak the Kyakala language. The majority are concentrated to the south of Heihe County in Heilongjiang Province. Heihe is located on the China- Russia border. Due to the recent thawing in relations between the two countries, Chinese tour groups are now able to cross the border from Heihe into the Russian town of Blagovenshcensk. "Chinese tourists don't find much to buy in Russia, but are impressed to see a city where nobody spits and people actually stand in line." Smaller numbers of Kyakala live in various cities between the Ussuri and Sungari river basins.
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People Name General Kyakala
People Name in Country Kyakala
ROP3 Code 114144
Joshua Project People ID 18529
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 2,850
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Kiakala, Kiakla, Qiakala, Udege Kyakala,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin 2,852
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Affinity Bloc Turkic Peoples
People Cluster Altaic
People Name General Kyakala
Ethnic Code MSY41i
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Largest Religion Non-Religious
Buddhism
45.00%
Christianity
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
0.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
55.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
0.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: Anonymous
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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