Hongjin Tai in China

Joshua Project has identified the Hongjin Tai only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Hongjin Tai are also known in the Wuding area as the Hua Gongji (Flowery Rooster) Tai. The description of Hongjin Tai seems to be a broad one and may be a generic description of those Tai groups in China who do not fit into one of the recognized classifications.


The golden era of the Tai (Dai) nationality in China began in 1340 when the Tai chief, Sifeka, established an independent kingdom in Luchuan (present-day Dehong). The kingdom lasted for 100 years, until it was attacked by Ming Dynasty troops from 1441 to 1448. An army of 150,000 soldiers was mobilized from all over China to attack the Tai Kingdom and bring it to its knees. To this day the Tai have never again had their own homeland in China. Numerous Tai fled the warfare and scattered throughout southern China - they are the ancestors of today's Hongjin Tai. Those living along the Yangtze River in northern Yunnan are described as "a hidden pocket of 10,000 Tais who long ago moved far away from their southwest homeland."


Many of the Hongjin Tai have assimilated to Chinese culture. Few now wear any traditional clothing, and many of their children cannot speak the language.


Various Hongjin Tai groups practice different religions depending upon their location. These include animism, polytheism, and Theravada Buddhism.


There are approximately 1,000 Hongjin Tai Christians in the Luquan area of northern Yunnan. The China Inland Mission commenced work among them in the early 1900s. In the 1980s "the Lipo used Mandarin Chinese to bring the Gospel to the Hua Gongji ('Flowery Rooster') tribe. ... So many hundreds of Tais have come to the Lord ... this year they have dedicated their first church." The Hongjin Tai living in the southern part of Sichuan Province were visited in 1914 by William Dodd, a missionary working in northern Thailand. Seventeen Hongjin Tai families soon became Christians. Dodd taught them to read the Northern Thai script, enabling them to read the Bible. It is not known if they still use this script - which is practically extinct in Thailand. Dodd reported, "Three families from the same village destroyed their idols and put away all traces of demon worship, accepted Christ and came for study faithfully. There are but thirty families in the village and twenty of them are now Christian."

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Hongjin Tai (Hong-jin-Tie)
People Name in Country Hongjin Tai
Population in China 95,000
World Population 95,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Dai, Flowery Rooster Dai, Huagongji Dai, Shan, Tai Hongjin, Yongren Tai, Yunnanese
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tai
People Name General Hongjin Tai (Hong-jin-Tie)
Ethnic Code MSY49a
People ID 18500
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country In 1995 Chinese linguist Luo Meizhen described the Hongjin Tai language for the first time. He numbered 150,000 speakers, scattered in small communities across southwest China, from the southern part of Sichuan Province down to the China- Vietnam border. The Hongjin Tai have migrated along the Honghe and Yangtze river systems. By 1952, the established households of Hongjin Tai in Wuding County of northern Yunnan Province numbered 2,706..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tai Hongjin (95,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tai Hongjin 95,000
For Primary Language: Tai Hongjin

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Translation Need Questionable
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
35.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.40 %)
1.50 %
Ethnic Religions
50.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
13.50 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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