Hmong Bua in China





Largest Religion


The Miao

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

The Hmong Bua are a separate ethnic group, with a common identity, within the Miao nationality. The Hmong Bua in Jinping and Vietnam call themselves Hmong Dlo or Hmong Bua, meaning "black Hmong." In Weixin the autonym used is Hmong Si. It is important to note that this group is not related to the large Hmu group in Guizhou, who were also called Black Miao by missionaries in the past. Linguist Michael Johnson notes, "In the Weixin- Xuyong area the Hmong Si are ethnically closely tied with the Hmong Leng, another Northern Hua dialect."


The Hmong Bua now living in southern Yunnan and Vietnam arrived in the region about 200 years ago. In contrast, the Hmong Bua in the northeastern Yunnan- Sichuan area first arrived there in 1573. After several generations of separation from their homeland, the Hmong Bua developed their own identity. Today most of the various Miao subgroups in China do not acknowledge kinship with each other, even if they speak the same language.


Hmong Bua women's clothing features a black shirt, similar to the Hmong Leng, with embroidery on the cuffs. "The skirt is also dark ... with oblique squares of cloth sewn to it. Women often use a small waist apron as a head covering."


The majority of Hmong Bua are animists. In recent years the Hmong Bua in Jinping may have benefited from the Christian "radio revival" among the neighboring Hmong Daw, who speak a similar language.


As many as 20,000 of the neighboring Hmong Daw people have turned to Christ in southern Yunnan since 1994, due to gospel radio broadcasts produced by the Far East Broadcasting Company. The Hmong Bua are able to understand most of the Hmong Daw language and have probably been affected also. Many Hmong Bua could potentially use the Hmong Daw and Hmong Njua Scriptures, but very few are literate.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-07-03
People Name General Hmong Bua (Hmong-Booah)
People Name in Country Hmong Bua
Population in China 67,000
World Population 93,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Black Hmong, Black Miao, Hei Miao, Hmong Dlo, Hmong Si, Miao, Black
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Miao / Hmong
People Name General Hmong Bua (Hmong-Booah)
Ethnic Code MSY47a
People ID 18486
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country A 1998 study listed a population of 50,000 Hmong Bua in China. They live in two widely separated areas in Yunnan Province: Weixin and Zhenxiong counties in northeastern Yunnan (and Xuyong County in neighboring Sichuan Province); and Jinping County (especially Laomeng Township) in southeastern Yunnan. A few also live on the east bank of the Honghe River in Pingbian and Hekou counties. Some Hmong Bua recently migrated to Xishuangbanna Prefecture in southwest Yunnan. In addition, 20,000 speakers of the Hmong Bua language live in Lai Chau, Vietnam..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Miao, Chuanqiandian Cluster: Hmong Bua (67,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Miao, Chuanqiandian Cluster: Hmong Bua 67,000
For Primary Language: Miao, Chuanqiandian Cluster

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Story of Hope Film Film / Video
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.60 %)
1.60 %
Ethnic Religions
78.00 %
0.00 %
20.40 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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