Han Chinese, Pinghua in China

Joshua Project has identified the Han Chinese, Pinghua only in China

Population

2,701,000

Christian

5%

Evangelical

3.6%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

Although the Pinghua Chinese are counted as part of the Han nationality, their language is clearly distinct from all other varieties of Chinese.


History

The Song Dynasty (960-1279): Zhao Kuangyin conquered more than a dozen regional kingdoms and assumed power in 959. The Song period is usually divided into the Northern Song (960-1126) ruled from Kaifeng City in Henan Province; and the Southern Song (1127-1279) which had Hangzhou in present-day Zhejiang as its capital. The northern state had fallen to Tibetan and Mongol kingdoms, who set up their own rule in the north, known as the Western Xia (1038-1227) and Jin (1115-1234) dynasties. The Song rulers were forced to relocate to Hangzhou. During this time, the world first learned about the mysteries and grandeur of China after explorers such as Marco Polo visited there.


Customs

Historical records suggest chopsticks were not always used by the Chinese. In ancient times the Chinese used utensils similar to knives and forks, but after a prolonged period of famine, food was eaten in small pieces, and the use of chopsticks developed.


Religion

The Chinese Book of History mentions that at the dawn of Chinese history in the days of Yao and Shuen, 2,200 BC, a terrible inundation was recorded that had once desolated the land. "In their vast extent the waters embrace the mountains and over-top the hills, threatening heaven with their floods." The Chinese have now reduced these accounts to merely a bad flood of the Yellow River.


Christianity

Guangxi, which means "vast west," has traditionally been one of the parts of China most neglected by missionaries. In the 1920s workers lamented that there were "areas inhabited by [minority] tribes where no Christian worker would be familiar with the languages spoken and where the country has not as yet been explored." Today a small percentage of Guangxi's 45 million inhabitants claim to be Christians. Protestants in Guangxi number between 50,000 and 90,000, in addition to 30,000 Catholics.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country More than two million speakers of Pinghua Chinese inhabit the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. They live primarily along the major traffic routes between Lingchuan (north of Guilin) and Nanning in the south, especially those following the railway line. "A northern subgroup (Guibei) can be found extending from Guilin, through Yangshuo and Pingle, to Fuchuan, Zhongshan and Hexian."
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People Name General Han Chinese, Pinghua
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Pinghua
ROP3 Code 114088
Joshua Project People ID 18480
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 2,701,000
Least-Reached No
Alternate Names for People Group Penghua, Pengwa, Penhwa, Ping, Pinghua, Pinghwa, Pingua,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin 2,701,470
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Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Pinghua
Ethnic Code MSY42a
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Largest Religion Non-Religious
Buddhism
25.00%
Christianity
5%    ( Evangelical  3.6% )
Ethnic Religions
33.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
37.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
74.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
1.00%
Roman Catholic
25.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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