Han Chinese, Min Dong in Indonesia





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Min Dong are part of the Min group of languages which are distinct from Mandarin and other Chinese varieties.


The Southern and Northern Dynasties (420-589): China was reeling under the burden of war and had divided into two ruling kingdoms. Both the southern and northern kingdoms at this time were actually ruled by several different dynasties. In the fifth century the Tuoba tribe defeated all its opposition in the northern kingdom. New rulers solidified authority by introducing a land reform movement. Buddhism, introduced from India, flourished during this period.


Many Min Dong Chinese living along the coast are fishermen, earning their income from the bounty of the Taiwan Strait.


In the ancient past the Chinese appear to have had a sense of love, kinship, and filial feeling for Shang Di, the Creator God. Each year the emperor gave the following recitation as he sacrificed at the Temple of Heaven: "You hear us and regard us as a Father. I, your child, dull and unenlightened, am unable to show forth my dutiful feeling. Your sovereign goodness is infinite. As a potter, You have made all living things. Your sovereign goodness is infinite. Great and small are sheltered (by your love). With great kindness You did bear with us, and not withstanding our demerits, do grant us life and prosperity."


Generally speaking, the Min Dong have proven more receptive to Christianity than Chinese in other parts of the country. In the thirteenth century Marco Polo came across a large body of believers in Fugiu [now Fuzhou City]. "They had books ... found to be the words of the Psalter. ... And thus they had in a certain temple of theirs three figures painted, who had been three apostles of the seventy who had gone preaching throughout the world, and they said that those had taught their ancestors in that religion long ago, and that that faith had already been preserved among them for seven hundred years, but for a long time they had been without teaching and so were ignorant of the chief things." Dr. Nathan Site, an American Methodist, arrived in Fujian in 1866. He was the first missionary to Fujian in the modern Protestant era. Today there are at least 400,000 Min Dong believers, including more than 100,000 in Fuqing County alone.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Han Chinese, Min Dong (Min-Dong)
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Min Dong
Population in Indonesia 34,000
World Population 10,377,000
Countries 5
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Eastern Min, Han Chinese, Min Dong
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Min Dong (Min-Dong)
Ethnic Code MSY42a
People ID 18478
Country Indonesia
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Min Dong (34,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Min Dong 34,000
For Primary Language: Chinese, Min Dong

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1852)
New Testament Yes   (1856)
Complete Bible Yes   (1884-1905)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版) Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Dong Film / Video
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Non-Religious

Major Religion Percent
12.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 5.00 %)
9.00 %
Ethnic Religions
33.00 %
0.00 %
2.00 %
44.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
52.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
28.0 %
Roman Catholic
20.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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