Daur in China

Joshua Project has identified the Daur only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Daur are one of the 55 official minority groups in China. In the past they were a larger and more influential group than today. In 1928 there were as many as 300,000 Daur in China. Their numbers have dwindled this century mainly as a result of war, disease, and assimilation to Mongolian or Chinese culture and language.

Most Daur can still speak their language, which has been described as "an aberrant, and in some respects, archaic branch of northern Mongolian." The exceptions are the Daur living in Aihui and Hulan counties who switched to speaking Chinese in the 1930s.


The Daur were first mentioned in Chinese records in AD 620. They are thought to be the "remnants of the Chinese garrison left by the Tan tai-tszui (618-626)." A portion of this garrison were committed to fox hunting and were called dahuli (those who hunt foxes). The Daur fought against Tsarist Russia and also opposed Japan from 1937 to 1945.


Daur society is divided into a hierarchical structure. Each group of people with the same family name (hala) live in the same group of three or four villages. Each hala is then comprised of several clans (mokon) who live in the same village. On his wedding day, a Daur bridegroom must fetch his bride at sunrise and make a present of wine, meat, and pastry to everyone he meets on the way - whether he knows them or not. After the ceremony the Daur enjoy an afternoon of horse races. The sport of field hockey may have been invented by the Daur. They are first mentioned as playing hockey in the History of the Liao Dynasty (916-1125).


For centuries each Daur clan has depended upon shamans. No wedding, burial, long journey, or any other important event was attempted without first consulting the shaman. He, in turn, contacted the spirit realm and announced, for a fee, whether an event should take place or not. Some of the Daur who live alongside Mongolians have embraced Tibetan Buddhism.


Until recently the Daur in China were a completely unreached people with no knowledge of the gospel. In the early 1990s missionaries showed the Jesus film in Mandarin to the Daur. In a short time, more than 1,000 Daur became Christians. The Jesus film is now available in the Daur language. In 1997 the new Daur church faced persecution from the authorities, but the believers stood firm in their faith. The Daur Christians are actively involved in evangelism and have a deep burden to see their whole ethnic group come to Christ.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-07-03
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-07-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-07-14
People Name General Daur (Dao-urh)
People Name in Country Daur
Population in China 194,000
World Population 194,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Daghur, Dagour, Daguor, Dagur, Dahur, Daor, Dawar, Dawo'er, Qiqihar, Tahur, Thauerh
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mongolian
People Name General Daur (Dao-urh)
Ethnic Code MSY41y
People ID 18433
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Approximately 150,000 Daur live in northeastern China. Most are concentrated on both sides of the Nenjiang River in the Morindawa Banner of Inner Mongolia, as well as in several counties in the western part of Heilongjiang Province. A significant number of Daur also live in Russia. A Daur chief named Gantimur led 300 of his people to Russia in 1666. Until this century, their homeland was known to the Russians as Dauria. By 1882 Gantimur's descendants in Russia numbered 10,489, most of whom had converted to Russian Orthodox Christianity..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Mandarin Daur: Qiqiha'er
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin Daur: Qiqiha'er
For Primary Language: Daur

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Daur Film / Video
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
20.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.20 %)
1.20 %
Ethnic Religions
73.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.80 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.