Bunun, Bunan in Taiwan



Population

49,700

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Identity

The Bunun, the Ami, and the Paiwan are the three tribes which have been combined to form the official Gaoshan (High Mountain) nationality in China.


History

The Bunun believe the human race was started when a gourd fell from heaven. It split open, and the first man and woman emerged. They also have a legend about a great flood long ago. They say it was caused by a snake which blocked up the river until all of the earth was inundated. The Bunun have many theories about their origins. "One is that they originated from a branch of the ancient Yue nationality on mainland China and then mixed with Aborigines from Malaysia and the Ryukyu Islands."


Customs

The Bunun sometimes "practice the extraction of certain front teeth as a sign of social identity as well as adulthood. The Bunun are good singers and often sing when working." When a Bunun dies, that person is buried in a crouching position beneath the hearthstone of the family home. Traditionally, "the body was first wrapped in cloth and placed on an open platform for three years; following this first stage, the bones were removed and buried beneath the house."


Religion

Traditionally the Bunun in Taiwan were polytheists, but today most are Christians. "Bunun oral tradition mentions periodic offerings to the moon, upon which the agricultural calendar is based, but information on the original Bunun religion is too scarce to show clearly to what extent the moon and dehanin (heaven) may have been personified. In addition to the male hereditary priesthood, charged with the management of agricultural rituals, the Bunun had male shamans along with female ones. The shamans' concern was sickness and sorcery."


Christianity

In 1946 there were no Christians among the Bunun in Taiwan. By 1959, however, converts numbered 8,881 and had increased to 12,234 by 1969. Today the Presbyterians alone have 14,990 Bunun believers in 76 churches. Hu Wen-chih, who was used by God to win many Bunun to Christ in Taiwan, also translated the New Testament into Bunun in 1973. The Bunun church in Taiwan has sent missionaries out to Japan and Borneo. The Bunun in China, however, have never experienced a revival and cannot read the Bunun Bible that is only available in Taiwan.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Bunun (Boo-non)
People Name in Country Bunun, Bunan
Population in Taiwan 50,000
World Population 51,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bubukun, Bunan, Bunti, Bunum, Vonun, Vunum, Vunun, Vunung
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Taiwan Indigenous
People Name General Bunun (Boo-non)
Ethnic Code AUG01a
People ID 18425
Country Taiwan
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country East central plain, south of the Sediq (Taroko) [trv].   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Enthologue Language Map



Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bunun
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bunun
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1952-1990)
New Testament Yes   (1964-1983)
Complete Bible Yes   (2000)
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 14.00 %)
75.00 %
Ethnic Religions
25.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
40.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
35.0 %
Roman Catholic
25.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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