The Aling are one of many subgroups of the Yi nationality in southern China. They view themselves as a distinct people group with their own history and language. The Han Chinese call the Aling different names in different locations. In Luliang County they refer to the Aling as Gan Yi (Sweet Yi). In Shizong County they call them Gan Yi (Dry Yi) (Here a different Chinese character for Gan is used). In Shilin County the Aling are known as the Yiqin or Yiqing.
Very little is known about the history of the Aling. Few people have ever heard of them. They no longer wear any traditional clothing that might visually distinguish them from other groups.
The Aling is one of many groups in the area who celebrate the annual Torch Festival. According to one visitor, "The first two days of the festival were fairly rough and ready, but on the third day the girls had a chance to compete against one another in the beauty contest. The scene for this event was a leveled piece of ground on a mountain slope. Early in the morning, the slope was already crowded with girls carrying their yellow oilcloth umbrellas, looking from a distance like so many yellow blossoms on the grassland. I heard that girls from counties all around had set off for this contest two or three days before, making their way across mountains and rivers. The girls gathered together, formed circles and began a dance called duoluohe. The panel of judges consisted of elderly villagers. They shuttled about amidst the dancers trying to find suitable candidates. The first criterion was that she should be a Yi girl living in the countryside. The other criteria were simple: an oval face and a tall, slim figure."
Although many Aling no longer consider themselves to be religious, traditionally the Aling were animists, worshiping a host of spirits and protective deities.
The gospel has made no impact at all among the unreached Aling people group. They have never been focused on by missionaries or church planters. A 1922 mission report issued a challenge for workers to give their lives to reach the Yi, a challenge which still stands true today: "These aborigines are tall, strong, brave, keen, and clever, and some of them are extraordinarily anxious that missionaries should go and teach them. Whoever takes up this work needs to be courageous and to have plenty of grit. Such a one would become an uncrowned king."