Turaiha in India



Population

299,000

Christian

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Turaiha are a fishermen Hindu Tribe. They are considered as a lower caste and very depressed. Most of them have no idea about their origin. As Mr. A.C. Turner (1933) states "They are an offshoot from Kahars who have a subcaste of Turai in the plains and of Turaha in the hills. They now form a distinct caste broken away from Kahars" (Census of India, 1931.)


Where are they Located?

The main population of Turaihas is located near the different rivers and lakes in Rohilkhand, Meerut, Agra, Oudh and Benares Division of Uttar Pradesh as well as Bihar and Bengal. The Turaihas are also known as Turai, Turaha, Turahiya and Turha.


What are Their Lives Like?

Turaiha people used to speak in Hindi, Bhojpuri, Matheli, Oudhi and Bengali. The chief occupation of Turaha people is fishing, cultivating Singhara (Water Nut), making handheld fans and baskets. They are some of the best fishmen in India. They catch and sell fish for their daily income.

They usually drink liquor and toddy. They eat mutton, pork, fish, tortoise and crab. Brahmans do not enter Turaiha houses. On Hindu social scales Turaiha is higher than Chamar and Bhangi. Turaiha community is near to Bhil Tribe and somewhere treated as Dheemar also.


What are Their Beliefs?

Turaiha are Hindu. They believe they are descended from the Sun god. The great Deity of the Turaihas is Sanichar Raja. Their main festival is held on Saturday in the month of Sawan at the asthan (Shrine) of Sanichar Raja by offering goats, pigs, kheer, grains and bread.


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Turaiha and that God may bring several Christian workers among them.
* Pray that Turaiha will wake up and join the main stream of nation.
* Pray that Christianity will bring modern medicine and antibiotics to the sick of the Turaiha community.


Profile Source:   Arun Kumar  

People Name General Turaiha
People Name in Country Turaiha
Population in India 299,000
World Population 303,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Taruhi, Turaha, Turha
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Turaiha
Ethnic Code CNN25c
People ID 18272
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bihar (306,000) West Bengal (21,000) Uttar Pradesh (21,000) Uttarakhand (1,300)
Jharkhand (500) Andaman and Nicobar (30) Meghalaya (10)
Total States on file:  7  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bihar (306,000) West Bengal (21,000)
Uttar Pradesh (21,000) Uttarakhand (1,300)
Jharkhand (500) Andaman and Nicobar (30)
Meghalaya (10)
Languages & Dialects on file:  8  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bhojpuri (158,000) Hindi (149,000) Maithili (22,000) Bengali (20,000)
Kumaoni (800) Garhwali (300) Kanauji (100) Awadhi (100)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bhojpuri 158,000 Hindi 149,000
Maithili 22,000 Bengali 20,000
Kumaoni 800 Garhwali 300
Kanauji 100 Awadhi 100
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1911-1982)
New Testament Yes   (1999-2006)
Complete Bible No
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Bhojpuri
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Scripture World Missionary Press Booklets

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source: Gerald Roberts  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Arun Kumar  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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