Pinjara in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Pinjara (Pinja, Penja, Bahna or Dhunia) derive their name from the term pinjala meaning 'cotton weaver.' Their traditional occupation is naturally one of cleaning and reeling cotton to make pillows, quilts or even mattresses. The over 3 million Pinjara can be found either Muslim or Hindu. It is believed that the Muslim Pinjara converted to Islam about 500 years ago during the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb.

What are Their Lives Like?

The Pinjara can today be found in India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh. They live in over 500 districts of India and Nepal and speak more than a dozen different languages depending on their location. The Pinjara speak primarily Bhojpuri, Nepali, Maithili and Urdu. Although they are well over 90% Muslim the Pinjara can be found to keep Hindu festivals, even making vows to Hindu gods. The Pinjara are not vegetarian though do not eat pork. They occupy a higher than unclean status and can be found as both skilled and unskilled workers.

What are Their Needs?

Very little ministry activity has been focused on the Pinjara. Many Urdu resources are available although there is a severe lack of workers to this sizable Muslim group in India and Nepal. Pinjara are sometimes looked down on religiously because of their mixture of Islam and Hinduism beliefs. Pray that the Truth could be known and celebrated in Nepal.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Pinjara
People Name in Country Pinjara
Population in India 3,293,000
World Population 3,509,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged or Unknown Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bahna, Behana, Daffali, Dhunia, Dhunkar, Laliwala, Mansoor, Mansoori, Naddaf, Noor, Panjara, Panjwara, Penja, Pinja, Pinjali, Pinjia, Punji, Shaikh Mansoor, Soria, Sulia, Tai
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Punjabi
People Name General Pinjara
Ethnic Code CNN25r
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution rankinging, )
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Urdu (2,909,000) Bhojpuri (173,000) Gujarati (58,000) Bengali (35,000)
Awadhi (34,000) Maithili (28,000) Telugu (28,000) Kanauji (9,500)
Kannada (4,200) Kachchi (4,100) Angika (3,400) Mewari (3,300)
Bundeli (2,800) Marwari (2,500) Panjabi, Eastern (2,500) Marathi (2,300)
Malvi (2,100) Bagheli (1,900) Oriya (1,600) Nimadi (900)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Urdu 2,909,000 Bhojpuri 173,000
Gujarati 58,000 Bengali 35,000
Awadhi 34,000 Maithili 28,000
Telugu 28,000 Kanauji 9,500
Kannada 4,200 Kachchi 4,100
Angika 3,400 Mewari 3,300
Bundeli 2,800 Marwari 2,500
Panjabi, Eastern 2,500 Marathi 2,300
Malvi 2,100 Bagheli 1,900
Oriya 1,600 Nimadi 900
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1843-1998)
Audio Bible Online
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCB
Audio Recordings Online scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Bible stories
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video Urdu Language Film
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Printed Matter Fathers Love Letter

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Photo Source: Create International   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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