Introduction / History
The Kurumba (also known as the Southern Kanares) inhabit the Nilgiri foothills of Tamil Nadu. They are primarily located in the Coimbatore and Dharmapuri districts of southern India. There are also small communities of Kurumba in parts of the Salamand and North Arcot districts, as well as in adjacent sections of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. They speak a Dravidian language that is called Southern Kannada.
Historically, the Kurumba have been best known for their acts of sorcery. As a result, they were feared and other tribes frequently banded together against them. Today, the Kurumba continue to practice sorcery, but the neighboring tribesmen no longer live in personal fear.
In general, the Kurumba have been described as having a "somewhat uncouth appearance" and as being an "exceedingly poor and wretched" tribe. They participate in head-shaving, tattooing, and they also wear ear and nose rings.
What Are Their Lives Like?
Traditionally, the Kurumba were hunters and gatherers who also cultivated small plots of fruits and vegetables. They are now in the process of adopting a more settled lifestyle. The Kurumba who live in the jungles on the edges of the plateau stll trap small birds and animals and practice crop rotation. With the increasing population and the deforestation, many Kurumba have been forced to live in the lower plateau regions and work on tea or coffee plantations. Sadly, the Kurumba are the poorest of the plateau tribes.
The earliest Kurumba settlements in this region were usually isolated. The people lived in caves, near forest clearings, or in small clusters of huts. Their building materials consist mainly of local timbers and grass thatch. However, in some places, the government has built log houses with brick and mortar.
Since the Kurumba are considered "tribals" by the Indian government, they automatically qualify for college scholarships and small business loans. They also have priority for most jobs. Nevertheless, it is difficult for them to excel to that level in their living conditions.
The social organization of the Kurumba is very complex. The tribe is possibly divided into seven groups, which differ from each other in dialect and religious beliefs. Within the various clans, rules are strictly enforced. The society is patrilineal in nature, which means that the line of descent is traced through the males. The groups also practice endogamy (marriage within their own clans), and cross-cousin marriages are common. Marriages are usually arranged by families within the same villages. However, eloping is a common practice that must later be pardoned by the panchayat, or village council. Although the villages still have a traditional headman and assistant headman, these offices no longer have much influence.
The Kurumba women dress in colorful cotton saris (lightweight cloths with one end wrapped about the waist to form a skirt and the other draped over one shoulder to cover the head); or long skirts and long blouses with scarves over their heads. The men wear dhotis, which are white loin cloths.
What Are Their Beliefs?
Although the Kurumba are mostly Hindu, their particular rites and rituals are often connected with sorcery. The Kurumba have a reputation as powerful magicians who can turn themselves into animals. In the past, people feared Kurumba spells and occasionally massacred Kurumba villages in retaliation for a local mishap blamed on their powers.
The Kurumba worship most of the Hindu gods. They also worship various local gods and many objects of nature, such as stones and trees. They believe that many people are possessed with evil spirits, and do not hesitate to sacrifice goats to appease the spirits.
What Are Their Needs?
Prayer is the first step toward seeing them reached with the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Kurumba.
* Ask God to use the small number of Kurumba Christians to share the love of Jesus with their own people.
* Pray for effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Kurumba, with many conversions resulting.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Kurumba towards the Gospel.
|Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center|