Kayastha, Hindu in Nepal






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Kayasthas mostly belong to the Hindi-speaking states of West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi.

Kayasthas also migrated to various other parts of the country. Most of the Kayasthas who shifted to Hyderabad from Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in the middle of the eighteenth century got employment in the court of the Nizam. In 1820, out of the 400 North Indian mansabdars, 60 were Kayasthas.

What Are Their Lives Like?

With the passing of time, the Kayasthas have surged ahead. They have broken new grounds in vocations other than those relating to writing and record-keeping, and excelled in them. Thus, in public life, Dr Rajendra Prasad rose to become the first President of the Republic of India, whereas Lal Bahadur Shastri succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister. Dr Sampuranand was the Chief Minister of U.P. and Governor of Rajasthan, besides being a literary figure. Jaya Prakash Narain brought down Indira Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose fought the British rule militarily. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, and Jagdish Chandra Bose were eminent scientists. Munshi Prem Chand, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Raghupat Sahai "Firaque" Gorakhpuri, Dr Vrindavan Lal Verma, Dr Ram Kumar Verma and Dr Dharm Vir Bharti have been men of letters. Swami Vivekanand was a philosopher and a true Indian. Amitabh Bachchan and Shatrughan Sinha have excelled in the film world, Mukesh and Sonu Nigam in the world of music.

What Are Their Beliefs?

It is said that Brahma, the Creator, having established the four varnas "Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra" dained Dharamraj (also called Yamraj, the god of death) to keep record of the deeds "good and evil" of all life-forms born and yet to be born on the earth, in the heavens above and in the lands below. Dharamraj, however, complained, "O Lord, how can I alone keep record of the deeds of the beings born into 84 lakh yonis (life-forms) in the three worlds?"

Brahma then closed his eyes, meditated for a while and lo and behold! there appeared a radiant figure with a quill-pen in one hand and an ink-pot in another. Brahma named him Chittagupta for he was conceived in his cognitive-self (chitta) and he was lying in Him, dormant and secret (gupta). He was born of Brahma's body (kaya) and so the Lord decreed that his progenies be called Kayasthas. He was assigned to work as a minister, to write and record for Dharamraj. Thus, the fifth varna, the Kayastha, came into existence. Some historians hold the view that during the reign of the Mughals, a number of Hindus who were were educated and endowed with sharp intellect attained administrative positions through rapid adaptation to the Persian language and culture of India's new rulers. These influential Hindus got together and formed a new caste known as Kayastha.

Profile Source:   Alok Saxena  

People Name General Kayastha, Hindu
People Name in Country Kayastha, Hindu
Population in Nepal 46,000
World Population 9,282,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Kact, Kaiath, Kait, Kaith, Karan, Kast, Kastha, Kayashtha, Kayasth, Kayath, Lal, Lala, Lalli
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Name General Kayastha, Hindu
Ethnic Code CNN25c
People ID 17124
Country Nepal
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States on file:  14  (up to 20 largest shown)
Janakpur (12,000) Narayani (10,000) Lumbini (6,200) Kosi (5,600)
Sagarmatha (4,200) Bheri (3,900) Bagmati (2,500) Mechi (1,100)
Rapti (1,000) Seti (1,000) Gandaki (100) Mahakali (90)
Dhawalagiri (70) Karnali (0)
Total States on file:  14  (up to 20 largest shown)
Janakpur (12,000) Narayani (10,000)
Lumbini (6,200) Kosi (5,600)
Sagarmatha (4,200) Bheri (3,900)
Bagmati (2,500) Mechi (1,100)
Rapti (1,000) Seti (1,000)
Gandaki (100) Mahakali (90)
Dhawalagiri (70) Karnali (0)
Languages & Dialects on file:  11  (up to 20 largest shown)
Maithili (25,000) Bhojpuri (13,000) Nepali (4,700) Awadhi (3,600)
Hindi (1,500) Bengali (700) Angika (300) Rajbanshi (80)
Magahi (40) Kumaoni (20) Magar, Western
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Maithili 25,000 Bhojpuri 13,000
Nepali 4,700 Awadhi 3,600
Hindi 1,500 Bengali 700
Angika 300 Rajbanshi 80
Magahi 40 Kumaoni 20
Magar, Western 0

For Main Lanugage: Maithili

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament Yes   (2010)
Complete Bible No
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Maithili
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maithili
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.11 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.38 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.47 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.03 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Create International   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Alok Saxena  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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