Kandera in India

Joshua Project has identified the Kandera only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


A Pilgrimage

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Introduction / History

The Kandera are a mostly Hindu community in Rajasthan State in India.

Where Are they Located?

The Kandera are found mainly in Jaipur, Alwar, Bharatpur and Sawai Madhopur districts.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The community is historically associated with the occupation of cotton ginning. In the local language, Rajasthani, the word "kani" means cotton, and a "kandera" means someone who works with cotton. Like many groups in Rajasthan, they claim Rajput ancestry. According to their traditions, their ancestor, a Kanakpal Singh had a falling out with Alaudin Khilji, the Muslim ruler of North India. He was defeated by the Sultan. Many members of his clan accepted Islam, and took up the occupation of cotton ginning.

Their native dialect is Braj Bhasa. The community are divided into thirty-six clans, and they practice clan exogamy, meaning they only marry outside their clan. There is no intermarriage between between Muslim and Hindu groups. They are a landless community, and live by cotton ginning and making quilt and pillows.


1. People of India - Rajasthan, Vol. XXXVIII Part 2, B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas, eds. pp 489-493.
2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kandera

Profile Source:   Wikipedia 

People Name General Kandera
People Name in Country Kandera
Population in India 19,000
World Population 19,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Dhuna, Dhunia, Dhunnewala, Penja, Pinjara
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Kandera
Ethnic Code CNN25g
People ID 17078
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  3  (up to 20 largest shown)
Madhya Pradesh (18,000) Rajasthan (1,200) Delhi (300)
Total States on file:  3  (up to 20 largest shown)
Madhya Pradesh (18,000) Rajasthan (1,200)
Delhi (300)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (17,000) Bundeli (700) Dhundari (400) Malvi (400)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 17,000 Bundeli 700
Dhundari 400 Malvi 400

For Main Lanugage: Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Hindi Bible stories
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
General Yeshu Samaj
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Wikipedia 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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