Kallan in India

Joshua Project has identified the Kallan only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Kallar of India, mainly in Tamil Nadu, have several divisions that are similar. One of them is called the Esanattu. They speak, read and write in Tamil. They are not vegetarians but do not eat pork and beef. Rice is a main cereal.

Marriage is practiced only within their own community with cross-cousin marriages the preferred way. Polygamy is allowed if the woman cannot have children. Bride price and dowries are given. Marriage is at the home of the bride. Divorce and remarrying are allowed. There is a birth pollution period. They bury the dead and there is a death pollution period too. Inheritance is passed to the sons.

Hinduism is the main religion with many being of the Shaivite sect. They are mainly landowners. Cultivation and animal breeding is their main work. Those who own no land tend to work as laborers. They have traditional councils that settle disagreements. Family planning and modern medicines are used.

Among the Kallar Pramalai, though mostly Hindus, there are some who are Christians also.

Prayer Points

* Pray that the leaders of the councils among the Kallar will come to Jesus Christ and lead the others among them to salvation too.
* Pray that the Kallar Christians will help bring many to Jesus Christ.


Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Kallan
People Name in Country Kallan
Population in India 1,274,000
World Population 1,274,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Cullar, Esanttu, Kalari Panich, Kallar, Mangta, Mukkulathor, Thanjavur Kallar, Tholko Lan, Tholkollar, Tolkollar, Vellalar
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Name General Kallan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
People ID 17057
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  10  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu (1,200,000) Pondicherry (38,000) Kerala (31,000) Karnataka (2,000)
Delhi (1,600) Maharashtra (700) West Bengal (400) Andaman and Nicobar (300)
Andhra Pradesh (100) Telangana (50)
Total States on file:  10  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu (1,200,000) Pondicherry (38,000)
Kerala (31,000) Karnataka (2,000)
Delhi (1,600) Maharashtra (700)
West Bengal (400) Andaman and Nicobar (300)
Andhra Pradesh (100) Telangana (50)
Languages & Dialects on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tamil (1,224,000) Malayalam (23,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tamil 1,224,000 Malayalam 23,000
For Primary Language: Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1714-1956)
New Testament Yes   (1715-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1727-2002)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Old Version Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
General Ministry Resources Audio Recordings
General Ministry Resources Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Jesus Film: view in Tamil Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.15 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.85 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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