Holar in India

Joshua Project has identified the Holar only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

It's too bad that the Holar people did not meet the famous Protestant missionary, William Carey. They are leather shoe repairers (then called cobblers) just as he was! Because they engage in leatherwork, they are sometimes confused with the much more numerous Chamars. Some of the Holar people make their living by playing music at social functions. This gives them contact with many other communities in western India.

The Holar people prefer to marry cousins on their mother's side, and families arrange their marriages. They allow for divorce, but the caste panchayat council helps to minimize the number of divorces by intervening in difficult situations. Many of the Holar people live in join families though a few of them prefer nuclear families.

Because of their low status (anything having to do with dead animals is considered degrading in Hindu cultures) the Holar people have protected themselves by forming their own caste association, the Maharashtra Holar Samaj Sanghat Mumbai. This organization helps them look after their own community development needs. This caste has a low literacy rate, and most of their children do not advance beyond elementary education. This keeps them from advancing in India's rapidly changing economy.

Prayer Points

* Pray for the Lord to raise up believers to help the Holar people get the education they need.
* Pray for them to have access to the many Christian resources in the Marathi language.



People Name General Holar
People Name in Country Holar
Population in India 122,000
World Population 122,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Handihelva, Helavamallur, Helvagola, Helvaru, Holava, Holer, Holeva, Holeya, Holia, Holiya, Holra, Hulio, Jambu, Koraga, Mirdha, Paraiyan, Pitch, Pitchguntalu, Valhar
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Marathi-Konkani
People Name General Holar
Ethnic Code CNN25j
People ID 16947
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  13  (up to 20 largest shown)
Maharashtra (92,000) Gujarat (7,800) Madhya Pradesh (6,400) Odisha (6,100)
Tamil Nadu (3,300) Kerala (2,800) Karnataka (1,800) Goa (700)
Andhra Pradesh (500) Chhattisgarh (200) Telangana (200) Pondicherry (100)
Dadra and Nagar Have (20)
Total States on file:  13  (up to 20 largest shown)
Maharashtra (92,000) Gujarat (7,800)
Madhya Pradesh (6,400) Odisha (6,100)
Tamil Nadu (3,300) Kerala (2,800)
Karnataka (1,800) Goa (700)
Andhra Pradesh (500) Chhattisgarh (200)
Telangana (200) Pondicherry (100)
Dadra and Nagar Have (20)
Languages & Dialects on file:  17  (up to 20 largest shown)
Marathi (83,000) Holiya (11,000) Kannada (8,000) Gujarati (5,300)
Oriya (4,900) Hindi (3,300) Konkani (1,100) Telugu (500)
Pengo (500) Konkani, Goan (400) Chhattisgarhi (300) Santhali (200)
Tamil (200) Kui (200) Malayalam (80) Kuvi (50)
Tulu (40)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Marathi 83,000 Holiya 11,000
Kannada 8,000 Gujarati 5,300
Oriya 4,900 Hindi 3,300
Konkani 1,100 Telugu 500
Pengo 500 Konkani, Goan 400
Chhattisgarhi 300 Santhali 200
Tamil 200 Kui 200
Malayalam 80 Kuvi 50
Tulu 40
For Primary Language: Marathi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1807-1957)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1982)
Complete Bible Yes   (1821-2002)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Text / Printed Matter
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Jesus Film: view in Marathi Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture / Bible Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.04 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.96 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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