Holar in India

Joshua Project has identified the Holar only in India







Largest Religion

Main Language


Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey

Introduction / History

It’s too bad that the Holar people did not meet the famous Protestant missionary, William Carey. They are leather shoe repairers (then called cobblers) just as he was! Because they engage in leatherwork, they are sometimes confused with the much more numerous Chamars. Some of the Holar people make their living by playing music at social functions. This gives them contact with many other communities in western India.

The Holar people prefer to marry cousins on their mother’s side, and families arrange their marriages. They allow for divorce, but the caste panchayat council helps to minimize the number of divorces by intervening in difficult situations. Many of the Holar people live in join families though a few of them prefer nuclear families.

Because of their low status (anything having to do with dead animals is considered degrading in Hindu cultures) the Holar people have protected themselves by forming their own caste association, the Maharashtra Holar Samaj Sanghat Mumbai. This organization helps them look after their own community development needs. This caste has a low literacy rate, and most of their children do not advance beyond elementary education. This keeps them from advancing in India’s rapidly changing economy.

Prayer Points

* Pray for the Lord to raise up believers to help the Holar people get the education they need.
* Pray for them to have access to the many Christian resources in the Marathi language.



People Name General Holar
People Name in Country Holar
Population in India 117,000
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Handihelva, Helavamallur, Helvagola, Helvaru, Holava, Holer, Holeva, Holeya, Holia, Holiya, Holra, Hulio, Jambu, Koraga, Mirdha, Paraiyan, Pitch, Pitchguntalu, Valhar
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Marathi-Konkani
People Name General Holar
Ethnic Code CNN25j
Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Marathi (81,000) Holiya (11,000) Kannada (8,100) Gujarati (5,200)
Oriya (4,900) Hindi (3,100) Konkani (1,100) Konkani, Goan (700)
Telugu (500) Pengo (500) Chhattisgarhi (300) Santhali (200)
Tamil (200) Kui (200) Malayalam (80) Kuvi (50)
Tulu (40)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Marathi 81,000 Holiya 11,000
Kannada 8,100 Gujarati 5,200
Oriya 4,900 Hindi 3,100
Konkani 1,100 Konkani, Goan 700
Telugu 500 Pengo 500
Chhattisgarhi 300 Santhali 200
Tamil 200 Kui 200
Malayalam 80 Kuvi 50
Tulu 40
Largest Religion Hinduism
0.04%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
Other / Small
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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