Chanal in India

Joshua Project has identified the Chanal only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The 26,000 Chanal people are scattered throughout India's northern, mountainous state of Himachal Pradesh. They are almost all rural dwellers who farm for a living. Under the nautor scheme, landless peoples like the Chanals were given land to farm, but the yield was so poor in this mountainous region that it wasn't sufficient for their needs. So they have to make ends meet by working for others or doing petty business. Many of their children have to work. Traditionally they were sharecroppers and agricultural laborers for the powerful Rajputs. They had a patron-client relationship with them then, and they still do today.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Chanal people have benefitted from development projects in the last couple of decades. Projects have brought them electricity, drinking water, roads, post offices, banks, health care facilities and schools. Unfortunately, these Dalits still suffer from a low literacy rate, and many are not aware of health care methods.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Most of the Chanal people are Hindu. Operation World tells us that there are only about one in 1,000 who follow Christ in Himachal Pradesh. The mountainous terrain makes it especially difficult for them to hear new ideas from outside. The Chanal people also speak their own dialect, which isolates them even further. They are among the most difficult people group to reach with the gospel.

Prayer Points

* Pray that the Lord will somehow send His gospel message to the Chanal people in Himachal Pradesh.

People Name General Chanal
People Name in Country Chanal
Population in India 27,000
World Population 27,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chunal, Hali
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Chanal
Ethnic Code CNN25n
People ID 16606
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Himachal Pradesh (25,000) Punjab (1,100) Haryana (300) Chandigarh (100)
Uttar Pradesh (60)
Total States on file:  5  (up to 20 largest shown)
Himachal Pradesh (25,000) Punjab (1,100)
Haryana (300) Chandigarh (100)
Uttar Pradesh (60)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  12  (up to 20 largest shown)
Mandeali (7,000) Kangri (4,600) Panjabi, Eastern (4,400) Pahari, Kullu (2,100)
Pahari, Mahasu (2,100) Chambeali (1,900) Hindi (1,800) Bhattiyali (1,400)
Sirmauri (500) Churahi (200) Bilaspuri (200) Kinnauri
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Mandeali 7,000 Kangri 4,600
Panjabi, Eastern 4,400 Pahari, Kullu 2,100
Pahari, Mahasu 2,100 Chambeali 1,900
Hindi 1,800 Bhattiyali 1,400
Sirmauri 500 Churahi 200
Bilaspuri 200 Kinnauri 10

For Main Lanugage: Mandeali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1970)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Mandeali Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Profile Source: Global Prayer Digest / Keith Carey 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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