Chamar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal


Population
331,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Chamar people live primarily in India's western states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar. They are considered untouchable, and most of them know nothing else their entire lives. With a population of over 50 million, they are among the largest untouchable, or Dalit communities in the Hindu world.

The Chamar people are also known as Bhambi, Asadaru, Khalpa, Machigar, Lingayat, Mochi and Rohit.

They are regarded as untouchables or Sudras. To be untouchable, according to Indian-Hindu tradition, is to be undesirable, or unworthy of any sort of consideration or provision by society. This translates into frequent joblessness, lack of education and lifelong poverty. Traditional upper caste members will even avoid an untouchable's shadow.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Chamar use the Devanagari script and speak Kannada, Gujarati and Hindi along with regional languages. Their main occupation is manufacturing shoes and chappals from finished leather. Besides this, they are engaged in daily-wage labour and petty business. Day labor and petty business are also main sources of income, along with the manufacture of shoes and chappal, an Indian sandal. The origins of the name "chamar" come from their leather work. You can imagine how working with the remains of dead cows can be viewed in Hindu cultures where the cow is sacred. Women are also involved in agricultural work, animal husbandry and various economic activities. The Bhambi Khalpa community repairs musical instruments like dhol and nagara which are played in the temples during worship.

Their staple cereals are rice and jowar. Men occasionally drink alcohol. The Chamar regard themselves higher than the Mangs and the Mahars.

The Chamar practice monogamy in marriage. Dowry is largely prevalent and is paid in cash and kind. Remarriage is allowed for widowers but not for the widows. The dead body of a bachelor is buried lying on its back with the head facing the south, whereas others are cremated and their mortal remains are immersed in sacred water. Rice balls are offered to the dead and to ancestors on the tenth day after death.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Chamar are Hindu. They belong to the Shiva and Bhagvat sects. Their deities are Bahiroba, Janai, Kandova of Jejori and Bhawani of Tuljapur. They follow the spiritual teachings of Ravidas. They recite mythological tales and sing songs from the religious epics. They celebrate the festivals such as Diwali, Panchami, Ganesh Chaturthi, Kartik, Holi and Hannami.

There is a slightly higher degree of responsiveness to the gospel among the Chamars than among other Dalits. There is a church planting movement underway among Chamars in several districts across India.


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Chamar people and that God may send several Christian workers among them and meet their spiritual and physical needs.
* For the Chamar people to break through the caste barrier; be accepted and accept other communities.
* Pray that these Chamar believers will be salt and light to Chamar communities throughout India.
* Pray that church planting will grow across all Chamar communities.
* Pray for more workers to enter the Chamar harvest.


Profile Source:   India Missions Assoc - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar / Keith Carey  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-11-03
People Name General Chamar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Chamar (Hindu traditions)
Population in Nepal 331,000
World Population 52,484,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Alternate Names Ahirwar, Arya, Asadaro, Asodi, Bagri, Bhambi, Bola, Budhan, Chamadollu, Chamana, Chambada, Chambhar. Moci, Chamehar, Chamling, Changar, Chanial, Charmakar Rishi, Chembadi, Chemidi, Chitrakar, Das, Dhakaro, Dhekaru, Dohar, Gangaputrulu, Golia, Haralayya, Harijan, Jata Chamar, Jatav, Jatia, Jatia Chamar, Khalpa, Laskaria Raigar, Lingayat, Machigar, Mehtar, Mochi, Moci, Mocia, Muchia, Muci, Natarlu, Parvatharaja kulam, Raidasi, Raigar, Raighar, Ram, Ramdasi, Raudari, Ravidasi, Regar, Rehgar, Rohit, Ruidas, Sindhi Jatia
People ID 16561
Country Nepal
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States on file: 12
Narayani (84,000) Janakpur (78,000) Lumbini (77,000) Sagarmatha (63,000)
Kosi (13,000) Bheri (13,000) Bagmati (1,200) Rapti (900)
Seti (400) Mahakali (400) Gandaki (300) Mechi (10)
Country Nepal
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States on file: 12
Narayani (84,000) Janakpur (78,000)
Lumbini (77,000) Sagarmatha (63,000)
Kosi (13,000) Bheri (13,000)
Bagmati (1,200) Rapti (900)
Seti (400) Mahakali (400)
Gandaki (300) Mechi (10)
Primary Language: Maithili (183,000 speakers)
Language Code: mai   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 10
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (112,000) Awadhi (36,000) Hindi (2,000) Nepali (1,300)
Angika (700) Magahi (400) Bengali (80) Dotyali (60)
Nepalese Sign Language
Primary Language: Maithili (183,000 speakers)
Language Code: mai   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 10
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (112,000) Awadhi (36,000)
Hindi (2,000) Nepali (1,300)
Angika (700) Magahi (400)
Bengali (80) Dotyali (60)
Nepalese Sign Language (10)
For Primary Language: Maithili

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament Yes   (2010)
Complete Bible No
Audio Bible Online
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Maithili
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Good News (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maithili
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible: jivən səndesh
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.41 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown
0.08 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.51 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: India Missions Assoc - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar / Keith Carey  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


Copyright © 2016 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.