Bari, Hindu traditions in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Bari of India are also called Rawat and Paanwale. They make leaf plates and are house servants. They live in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar and Rajasthan. In Bihar they are also called Donwar. They say they are related and have their origins from Rupana Bari who is classed as a hero.

The Bari speak Awadhi in Uttar Pradesh, Marathi in Maharashtra, Bhojpuri in Bihar and Mewari in Rajasthan. They speak Hindi also in these states and read and write in Devanagari.

Most Bari make leaf plates and leaf cups. They are also household servants in Madhya Pradesh. In the west of Maharashtra, most are growers of betel leaves. In Rajasthan they catch birds in the forest, make leaf plates and cups, reed seats, paper flowers and cages from wire. In Bihar they carry electric and gas lights at weddings. Most own no land but do agriculture. Many have small businesses such as pulling people in rickshaws, cart driving and tailoring and live in city slums. There is child labor.

The Bari are not vegetarian but do not eat beef because of their Hindu religion. They eat such cereals as wheat, rice and lentils. They like fruit and vegetables but money can be a problem. They drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes and chew tobacco. There is a low state of literacy, Maharashtra being the exception (so the gospel will need to be given in oral form too). They use local medicines but for bigger health matters they go to clinics. It is usually women who are sterilized to avoid having larger families than they want.

The Bari only marry in their community. There are many subdivisions. There are clans amongst them who look after marriage alliances. Nobody is allowed to marry within their clan. Marriages are mainly monogamous and are arranged by the elders of both of the families. There are both adult and child marriages. Divorce and marrying again are allowed but do not happen often. The dowry is given with goods.

The property of the parents goes equally to all the sons and the oldest son becomes the person in charge. The Bari women help by taking additional work or helping their men with their businesses as well as doing the housework and looking after the children. The Bari have community welfare associations in the states that they live in.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bari are Hindus and worship most of the Hindu gods like Shiva, Vishnu and Rama. They also worship family and village gods and worship ancestors too. They celebrate Hindu festivals such as Holi, Diwali and Dusshera. They also celebrate a New Year festival called Makar Sankranti and here sesame seeds combined with jaggery (unrefined sugar) are exchanged among the Bari. They cremate their dead and the ashes are immersed in a river. If they can, they use the River Ganges, which is regarded as holy. Infants to the age of five years old are buried and there is a death pollution period, usually for twelve days with a feast at the end of it.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Video Links:
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People Name General Bari, Hindu traditions
People Name in Country Bari, Hindu traditions
Population in India 636,000
World Population 645,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Donwar, Panwala, Panwale, Panwali, Rawat, Soot, Sut
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Bari, Hindu traditions
Ethnic Code CNN25g
People ID 16334
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  12  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (234,000) Bihar (232,000) Maharashtra (85,000) Madhya Pradesh (74,000)
Jharkhand (4,200) West Bengal (1,900) Rajasthan (1,900) Uttarakhand (1,000)
Odisha (600) Chhattisgarh (500) Haryana (300) Delhi (200)
Total States on file:  12  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (234,000) Bihar (232,000)
Maharashtra (85,000) Madhya Pradesh (74,000)
Jharkhand (4,200) West Bengal (1,900)
Rajasthan (1,900) Uttarakhand (1,000)
Odisha (600) Chhattisgarh (500)
Haryana (300) Delhi (200)
Languages & Dialects on file:  19  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (329,000) Bhojpuri (160,000) Marathi (81,000) Awadhi (26,000)
Kanauji (7,200) Magahi (3,800) Maithili (3,400) Bagheli (3,300)
Chhattisgarhi (2,000) Bengali (1,800) Bundeli (700) Oriya (400)
Mewari (400) Malvi (300) Khandesi (200) Panjabi, Eastern (200)
Haroti: Harauti (100) Wagdi (100) Garhwali (80)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 329,000 Bhojpuri 160,000
Marathi 81,000 Awadhi 26,000
Kanauji 7,200 Magahi 3,800
Maithili 3,400 Bagheli 3,300
Chhattisgarhi 2,000 Bengali 1,800
Bundeli 700 Oriya 400
Mewari 400 Malvi 300
Khandesi 200 Panjabi, Eastern 200
Haroti: Harauti 100 Wagdi 100
Garhwali 80
For Primary Language: Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Hindi Bible Text / Printed Matter
Hindi Bible stories Audio Recordings
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Hindi Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.99 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Create International   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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