Arakh in Nepal






Largest Religion

Main Language


A New Life

Source:  Create International      Download

Introduction / History

The Arakh are an ancient kshatriya clan which once ruled large areas of Awadh, the area of Uttar Pradesh that borders Nepal's western end.

The Arakh were said to be so powerful that they performed horse sacrifices to prove their dominance. Neighboring groups apparently dared not defy this group.

They trace their descent to the clan to which Lord Rama belonged.

"Arakh" is said to be the distorted form of "Arka" which is Sanskrit for "sun".

One of their most popular rulers was Maharaja Tilok Chand Arkawanshi:

"In 918 AD, he led a powerful army against king Vikrampal of Delhi and after defeating him, took control of Delhi. Subsequently, nine generations of Maharaja Tilok Chand ruled over Delhi. In 1093 AD Maharani Bhimadevi, the religious-minded widow of Govind Chand (who died without an heir), handed over the reins of her empire to her spiritual guru Hargovind.

The empire of Maharaja Tilok Chand comprised areas of Delhi and large parts of Awadh including its mountainous areas. Maharaja Tilok Chand Arkawanshi was a worshipper of sun-god (Arka) like his fore-fathers. He built a large sun-temple named Balark temple in Bahraich, which was later destroyed by the Turkish invaders."

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Arakhs are poor and work in agriculture, as shop-owners and as laborers. They are also highly illiterate.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Arakhs worship Lord Arka, the sun god as well as Lord Shiva. It is apparently the worship of Arka ("sun" in Sanskrit) that gives them their people group name.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Arakh
People Name in Country Arakh
Population in Nepal 600
World Population 601,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Aarakh, Arakalu, Yadava
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Arakh
Ethnic Code CNN25g
People ID 16229
Country Nepal
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Kapilbastu District of Lumbini Zone, and Banke and Bardiya districts of Bheri Zone..   Source:
Total States on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bheri (300) Bagmati (200) Lumbini (90) Seti (60)
Total States on file:  4  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bheri (300) Bagmati (200)
Lumbini (90) Seti (60)
Languages & Dialects on file:  3  (up to 20 largest shown)
Awadhi (300) Bhojpuri (200) Nepali (20)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Awadhi 300 Bhojpuri 200
Nepali 20
For Primary Language: Awadhi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1820-1911)
New Testament Yes   (1996)
Complete Bible Yes   (2000-2005)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Awadhi Language Film Film / Video
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
General Ministry Resources Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Jesus Film: view in Awadhi Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Create International   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Joshua Project  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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